THE CENTRALITY OF THE DIVINE FEMININE IN SUFISM

Divine Feminine as Khatun-i-Qiyamat (Lady of Resurrection)

THE CENTRALITY OF THE DIVINE FEMININE IN SUFISM
LAURENCE GALIAN
Copyright 2003 Laurence Galian. All Rights Reserved.
This paper examines the concept of the Divine Feminine from the Sufi tradition (and its roots) with questions regarding the Sufi definition of the Divine Feminine, the various techniques used to experience it, the nature of the experiences, and the ultimate intentions of the Islamic mystics known for engaging in such practices. Through an investigation involving examinations of Sufi teachings that the female body is the locus of continuous theophany of the Divine in human beings, explorations of the cult of Prophet Muhammad's daughter Fatima, comparisons of Tantric philosophical tendencies shared by both the ancient Dravidian world and Islam, analyses of songs chanted by a Sufi Order from Cairo, visionary experiences of mystics from various traditions, and Islamic techniques of sacred sex as revealed in Hadith and Sufi erotic poetry, it has been gathered that Allah is, as defined by numerous Sufis, the feminine form of the ultimate reality.

The Eternal Feminine
Draws us heavenward.

—Goethe

The world famous Islamic Sufi poet Mevlana Jalaluddin Rumi (1207 - 1273) writes: "Woman is the radiance of God; she is not your beloved. She is the Creator—you could say that she is not created.”[1] This paper calls attention to an unexpected and little explored fact of immense significance in Islam: at the center of Islam abides the Divine Feminine.

Before the Prophet of Islam, Muhammad, brought the religion of Islam to Arabia, the Arabs were a polytheistic people. Hindu merchants frequently passed through Makkah, a major trading hub. Ancient Indian Vedic texts refer to Makkah as a place where Alla The Mother Goddess was worshiped. In Sanskrit, Alla means 'mother.' This name was connected to the Hindu Goddess Ila. She was the consort of the Hindu God Siva in his form known as Il, and this form of Siva was known and worshiped in pre-Islamic Makkah. A great deal of cultural and spiritual interchange took place between the merchants of Makkah and India.

According to some scholars however, the ancient Arabs believed that Allah (the greatest God) had entrusted the discharge of the various functions of the universe to different (lesser) gods and goddesses. People would therefore turn to these gods and goddesses to invoke their blessings in all sorts of undertakings.[2] The ancient Arabs prayed to these lesser gods and goddesses to intercede before Allah and to pass their desires on to Allah. As part of their religious practices, they visited Makkah. In Makkah was a large cube-like building known as the Ka'ba. This temple contained three hundred sixty idols. Those who were visiting the great city of Makkah as pilgrims would circumambulate the Ka'ba as part of their religious rites.[3] The pre-Islamic Arabs had a custom of performing a sevenfold circumambulation of the Ka'ba completely naked. Men performed this in the daytime and women at night.

The door of the Ka'ba is in the northeastern wall. On the outside, in the corner east of the door and 1.5 meters above the ground, the famous 'Black Stone' (Hajar Al-Aswad) is found. This Black Stone is now in pieces, three large parts, and smaller fragments, which are tied together with a silver band. The eminently feminine yoni [4] form of the Black Stone's setting is remarkable. There are several theories on the origin of the Black Stone: a meteor, lava, or basalt. Its color is reddish black, with some red and yellow particles. Its original diameter is estimated to have been 30 cm. The identity of the Black Stone with the Great Goddess and with the moon is recognized by the Hulama - the rationalist school of Islam. [5]

Inside the Ka'ba there were fresco paintings including those of Abraham and the 'Virgin Mary' with the baby Jesus.[6] When Muhammad retook Makkah he began a program of removing the pagan influences from the Ka'ba, the most holy of Muslim sites. He removed many frescoes and images that he considered inauspicious but he specifically left on the walls a fresco of the 'Virgin Mary' and her child. The Qur'an obligates every believer to make a pilgrimage to Makkah at least once in his or her lifetime, if finances permit.[7] Since the time of Muhammad, during the Tawaf (circumambulation of the Ka'ba)[8] pilgrims kiss or touch the black stone as they make circuit around the Ka'ba.

Ben-Jochannan who has studied the polytheistic religions of the Arabian peninsula points out that before Muhammad, Makkah was a holy site to the worshipers of El'Ka'ba (a goddess). Her worshipers knelt at her symbol, a jet black stone.[9] This jet-black stone was probably a meteorite, and the Hajar Al-Aswad was once known as the 'Old Woman'.[10] Popular tradition relates how Abraham, when he founded the Ka'ba, bought the land from an old woman to which it belonged. She however consented to part with it only on the condition that she and her descendents should have the key of the place in their keeping.[11] Today the stone is served by men called Beni Shaybah (the Sons of the Old Woman).

The crescent moon goddess (and virgin warrior Goddess of the morning star), Al-Uzza, was known to the pre-Islamic Arabs as 'The Mighty'. Some scholars believe that in very ancient times, it was she who was considered enshrined in the black stone of Makkah, where she was served by priestesses. Her sacred grove of acacia trees once stood just south of Makkah, at Nakla. The Acacia tree was sacred to the Arabs who made the idol of Al-Uzza from its wood.[12]

Stones, similar to the black stone of the Ka'ba, were worshipped by Arabs in most parts and by the Semitic races generally. The Kabyles of Kabylia in Northern Algeria say their first Great Mother goddess was turned to stone. Other names of the goddess are Kububa, Kuba, Kube and the Latin Cybele.[13] Other scholars say that this meteorite was brought to Makkah by the Sabeans or the Ethiopians and state that the goddess who dwelt in the sacred black stone was given the title Shayba (see Beni Shaybah - the Sons of the Old Woman, above) who represented the Moon in its threefold existence - waxing, (maiden), full (pregnant mother) and waning (old wise woman).[14] Although the word Ka'ba itself means 'cube', it is very close to the word ku'b meaning 'woman's breast'.[15]

Sufism cherishes the esoteric secret of woman, even though Sufism is the esoteric aspect of a seemingly patriarchal religion. Muslims pray five times a day facing the city of Makkah. Inside every Mosque is a niche, or recess, called the Mihrab - a vertical rectangle curved at the top that points toward the direction of Makkah. The Sufis know the Mihrab to be a visual symbol of an abstract concept: the transcendent vagina of the female aspect of divinity. In Sufism, woman is the ultimate secret, for woman is the soul. Toshihiko Izutsu writes, 'The wife of Adam was feminine, but the first soul from which Adam was born was also feminine.'[16]

The Divine Feminine has always been present in Islam. This may be surprising to many people who see Islam as a patriarchal religion. Maybe the reason for this misconception is the very nature of the feminine in Islam. The Divine Feminine in Islam manifests metaphysically and in the inner expression of the religion. The Divine Feminine is not so much a secret within Islam as She is the compassionate Heart of Islam that enables us to know Divinity. Her centrality demonstrates her necessary and life-giving role in Islam.

Sufism, or as some would define it 'mystical Islam' has always honored the Divine Feminine. Of course, Allah has both masculine and feminine qualities, but to the Sufi, Allah has always been the Beloved and the Sufi has always been the Lover. The Qur'an, referring to the final Day, perhaps divulges a portion of this teaching: 'And there is manifest to them of God what they had not expected to see.'[17]

Islam is aniconic. In other words, images, effigies, or idols of Allah are not allowed, although verbal depiction abounds. There was a question long debated in Islam: can we see Allah? The Prophet said in a hadith, 'In Paradise the faithful will see Allah with the clarity with which you see the moon on the fourteenth night (the full moon).' Theologians debated what this could mean, but the Sufis have held that you can see Allah even in this world, through the 'eye of the heart.' The famous Sufi martyr al-Hallaj said in a poem, 'ra'aytu rabbi bi-'ayni qalbi' (I saw my Lord with the eye of my heart). Relevant to the focus of this paper is that Sufis have always described this theophanic experience as the vision of a woman, the female figure as the object of ru'yah (vision of Allah).

There was a great Sufi Saint who was born in 1165 C.E. Besides Shi'a Muslims, numberless Sunni Ulemas called him 'The Greatest Sheikh' (al-Shaykh al-Akbar).[18] His name was Muyiddin ibn al-'Arabi. He said, 'To know woman is to know oneself,' and 'Whoso knoweth his self, knoweth his Lord.' Ibn al-'Arabi wrote a collection of poems entitled The Tarjuman al-ashwaq. These are love poems that he composed after meeting the learned and beautiful Persian woman Nizam in Makkah. The poems are filled with images pointing to the Divine Feminine. His book Fusus al-hikam[19], in the last chapter, relates that man's supreme witnessing of Allah is in the form of the woman during the act of sexual union. He writes, 'The contemplation of Allah in woman is the highest form of contemplation possible: As the Divine Reality is inaccessible in respect of the Essence, and there is contemplation only in a substance, the contemplation of God in women is the most intense and the most perfect; and the union which is the most intense (in the sensible order, which serves as support for this contemplation) is the conjugal act.' Allah as the Beloved in Sufi literature, the ma'shuq, is always depicted with female iconography.

A popular new book, The Da Vinci Code[20], a thriller by Dan Brown, tells the story of a Harvard professor summoned to the Louvre Museum after a murder there to examine cryptic symbols relating to da Vinci's work. During the course of his investigation, he uncovers an ancient secret: the claim that Mary Magdalene represents the Divine Feminine, and that she and Jesus had a sexual relationship. While the book is a work of fiction, it does represent the force of the Divine Feminine to unveil Herself in the midst of religious traditions that have become altered through cultural accretions into anti-sexual, anti-pleasure and anti-feminine belief structures. There is also the worthy of note nonfiction work The Woman With the Alabaster Jar: Mary Magdalen and the Holy Grail[21] which presents the idea that Mary Magdalen was actually married to Jesus Christ and the Holy Grail is not a cup or chalice at all but Mary's womb as she carried the 'bloodline' of Jesus to Egypt and then to Europe. The author, Margaret Starbird[22], advances her theory by analyzing art of the dark ages and the 'understood' meaning behind it. Starbird does an excellent job of researching European history, heraldry, the rituals of Freemasonry, medieval art, symbolism, psychology, mythology, religion, and the Hebrew and Christian Scriptures to discover that the meaning of the Holy Grail could be the lost bride of Jesus and the female child she carried within her.

Starbird's theological beliefs were profoundly shaken when she read Holy Blood, Holy Grail[23], a book that dared to suggest that Jesus Christ was married to Mary Magdalen and that their descendants carried on his holy bloodline in Western Europe. Shocked by such heresy, this Roman Catholic scholar set out to refute it, but instead found new and compelling evidence for the existence of the bride of Jesus. The roles of Muhammad's daughter Fatima and Mary are similar. The true line of the Prophet 'Isa; (Jesus) and his real teaching passing through Mary and into Europe mirrors the true line of the Imams (who propagated the real teachings of the Prophet Muhammad) who issued from the womb of Fatima. Fatima is regarded by some Sufis and theologians as the first spiritual head (qutb) of the Sufi fellowship.[24]

Among the Ghulat[25] there is much respect paid to the Divine Feminine. In the Ghulat group the Ahl-i-Haqq ("The People of Truth"), the Divine Feminine appears as the Khatun-i Qiyamat (Lady of Resurrection) who also is manifested as the mysterious angel Razbar (also Ramzbar or Remzebar). The writer, Frédéric Macler, claims that the name Razbar is of Arabic origin and means 'secret of the creator'.[26] The term qiyama literally means, 'rising' of the dead, and allegorically, it implies an idea denoting the rising to the next spiritual stage, and qiyamat-i qubra (great resurrection) means an attainment of the highest degree when a man becomes free from the ties of external laws, whom he shackles and transfigures into spiritual substance, which rejoins its divine sources.[27] "The King of the World was sitting on the water with His four associate angels (chahar malak-i muqarrab) when they suddenly saw the Pure Substance of Hadrat-i Razbar, the Khatun-i Qiyamat (Lady of the Resurrection). She brought out from the sea a round loaf of bread (kulucha), and offered it to the King of the World. By His order they formed a devotional assembly (jam), distributed the bread, offered prayers and exclaimed 'Hu!' Then the earth and the skies became fixed, the skies being that kulucha.”[28]

Another rendition of the emergence of the Lady of the Resurrection is as follows: "After this the Holder of the World and Creator of Man looked upon 'Azra'il with the eye of benefaction, and 'Azra'il became split into two parts, one exactly like the other, and from between these parts a drop of light emerged in the form of a loaf of kulucha bread. The Creator then said, I appoint that person (surat) who became separated from 'Azra'il to be the Lady of the Resurrection (Khatun-i Qiyamat), who will on the Resurrection Day be the helper of human beings.”[29]

The followers of Yarsanism, also known as the Yarisan, Aliullahi, Ali-llahi (i.e., "those who deify 'Ali"), Alihaq, Ahl-i Haqq ("The People of Truth") or Ahl-i Haq ("The People of the Spirit" (Hak or Haqj), are concentrated in southern Kurdistan in both Iran and Iraq. In each epoch there is a female avatar of the Universal Spirit, a reflection of the higher status of women in the Kurdish culture and tradition.[30]

What do those who study mystical Islam claim is the hidden meaning regarding the existence of the sexes in creation? These researchers perceive that the biological and psychological differences between the sexes are only hints of a more momentous significance hidden within the divinity Itself. Of course, Sufism does not argue against the Oneness of Allah. The quintessence of Allah transcends duality, yet the Ultimate Reality manifests qualities in creation that are dualistic.

In Kabbalah (a Jewish mystical tradition)[31], just below the first Sphere (sefirah) of divine emanation known as Keter (meaning 'crown', 'summit' or 'pinnacle'), lie the two roots of masculine and feminine, known as Hokhmah and Binah. Although they are not masculine and feminine, Hokhmah and Binah are the archetypes of the masculine and feminine. Binah is the Kabbalistic feminine symbol for 'Understanding', a prelude to wisdom. 'Binah, the Great Mother, sometimes also called Marah, the Great Sea, is, of course, The Mother of All Living. She is the archetypal womb through which life comes into manifestation.'[32] "The 'female' principle within God is personified and called by the name: Shekhinah (literally 'dwelling'), a term familiar from classical Rabbinical literature. In the Kabbalah, however, the Shekhinah is not only included as a distinctive principle within the inner divine life, but this distinctive principle is explicitly, and quite graphically, described as female.”[33]

The Divine Masculine and the Divine Feminine express two very distinct aspects of Allah. First, that Allah is Supreme is the principle of masculinity, and that Allah is Infinite is the principle of femininity.[34]

In the Qur'an, Allah reveals Itself by giving Itself ninety-nine names. These names are divided up by Islamic Ulama into the names of Majesty (jalal) and the names of Beauty (jamal). The names of Majesty call to mind images of the stern and strict 'father', while the names of Beauty call to mind images of a gentle and loving 'mother'. Allah did not exhaust Itself in creating the world; hence Allah still exists along with creation. Allah, in creating the world, is indicative of masculine qualities, such as achievement, strength, dynamism, severity, and rulership. Yet, Allah is also infinite compared to the finite world. This inconceivably extended aspect of Allah is the aspect of Allah that the Sufi often refers to in ecstatic poetry in the feminine gender. That is why Ibn al-'Arabi says Allah can be referred to as both Huwa (He) and Hiya (She). One of the drawbacks of the English language is that we do not give gender to nouns. Arabic, like the Romance languages, expresses words with gender. Many of the essential words regarding Allah are in the feminine gender in Arabic.[35]

In this paper, the author will analyze three of these words: the first is al-Hakim, the Wise; Wisdom is hikmah. In Arabic to say, for example, 'Wisdom is precious,' you could repeat the feminine pronoun: al-hikmah hiya thaminah, literally 'Wisdom, she is precious.' It is stated by some Sufi Sheikhs (Masters) that Sufism originally was named Sophia, which connects Sufism with the Christian Gnostic tradition, in which Wisdom is personified as a woman, the divine Sophia. The physical mother of Jesus was an external image of manifestation of the Virgin Sophia, the word 'Sophia' stemming from Sophos (wisdom). The Gnostics, whose language was Greek, identified the Holy Spirit with Sophia, Wisdom; and Wisdom was considered female. The Virgin was closely associated by the early church with Wisdom, of the cathedral church at Constantinople, while the ascension of the Virgin Mary refers to the passing of Wisdom into Immortality. The litany of the Blessed Virgin contains the prayer, 'Seat of Wisdom, pray for us.'

Julian of Norwich (1343-1420?), English religious writer, an anchoress, or hermit, called Jesus Christ, the second Person of the Roman Catholic 'Holy Trinity', our Mother in Wisdom, and our Mother of Mercy or Compassion.[36] The latter title with the words 'mercy' and 'compassion' returns us to a subtle interpretation of the phrase Bismillah ir-Rahman ir-Rahim, often translated as 'In the name of Allah the most Beneficent the most Merciful', but with the added gnosis that God can appear to a human being as the Divine Feminine and that the Divine Feminine is not confined to Christian or Islamic mystical intuitive apprehension of spiritual truths. St. Peter Chrysologos presented the Virgin as the seven-pillared temple which Wisdom had built for herself.[37] The aforementioned philosopher and Sufi, ibn al-Arabi, saw a young girl in Makkah surround by light and realized that, for him, she was an incarnation of the divine Sophia.[38]

Mary was born of an angelic annunciation; Fatima (the daughter of the Prophet Muhammad) was considered to come from the level of angels. She is considered by many Muslims as divine in origin and several variations of a major hadith describe how she was conceived on the night of Mi'raj (ascension). On this night Gabriel took Muhammad to Jerusalem and then to Heaven. While up in Heaven, he was offered some heavenly fruit, the seed of which was responsible for her conception, after the Prophet's return on the same night and making love to his beloved wife Khadija.

Fatima tul Zehra (Fatima the Radiant, Fatima the Brightest Star, Fatima-Star of Venus, Fatima-The Evening Star), the daughter of the Prophet, is the secret in Sufism. She is the Hujjat of 'Ali. In other words, she establishes the esoteric sense of his knowledge and guides those who attain to it. Through her perfume, we breathe paradise. Though she was his daughter, the Prophet Muhammad called her Um Abi'ha (mother of her father). What mystery was the Prophet hinting at by this statement? While Fatima Zehra was Muhammad's daughter, the Rasulallah (Prophet of God — Muhammad) understood that his gnosis was bestowed upon him from the Divine Feminine.

Fatima Fatir as representative of Allah's Jamal, saves humankind from Allah's Jalal. Esoterically, if it were not for Fatima (Mercy), Allah would never have sent Muhammad (Peace be upon him) and the Qur'an to humanity. The night is the exemplification of our sovereign Fatima, especially the 'Night of Destiny' (laylat al- Qadr). Lady Fatima was chosen from all women to be The Mother source of Muhammad's lineage, the core of the generation of Muhammad. Through her, the progeny of the Prophet multiplies — through a woman. [39] The process of giving birth to the spirit is the feminine principle. That to which has been given birth is the masculine. 'This is why, in spiritual transformation and rebirth, only the masculine principle can be born, for the feminine principle is the process itself. Once birth is given to the spirit, this principle remains as Fatima, the Creative Feminine, the Daughter of the Prophet, in a state of potentiality within the spirit reborn.'[40] Shi'as revere the person of Fatima, for she is the mother of the line of inspired Imams who embodied the divine truth for their generation. As such, Fatima is directly associated with Sophia, the divine wisdom, which gives birth to all knowledge of God. She has thus become another symbolic equivalent of the Great Mother. Lady Fatima (as) has various names near Allah (Exalted Be His Name), they are:

Fatima (Aleiha Assalam)

Siddiqah (the honest)

Al-Mubarakah (the blessed one)

Al-Tahirah (the pure)

Az-Zakiyah (the chaste)

Ar-Radhiatul Mardhiah (she who is gratified and who shall be satisfied)

Al-Mardiyyah (the one pleasing to Allah )

Al-Muhaddathah (a person other than a Prophet, which the angels speak to)

Az-Zahraa (the splendid)

Fatima was given the title of 'az-Zahraa' which means 'the Resplendent One.' That was because of her beaming face, which seemed to radiate light. However, others, who must keep their beliefs prudently concealed, know the Prophet Muhammad's daughter as 'Fatima Fatir'. In Her own sacred words She utters the truth, 'There is no God beside me, neither in divinity nor humanity, neither in the Heavens nor on earth, outside of me, who am Fatima - Creator.'

It is said by some Sufis that there is another great secret regarding Fatima. These Sufis say that she was a Prophet from the time of her father's death until the time of her death. After the Prophet's death, Fatima lived seventy-five days. During this time the Archangel Gabriel came to her and consoled her by telling her what her father was doing in the spiritual worlds, what his status was, and what would come about in the Islamic community after her death. Imam 'Ali wrote down what Fatima dictated to him. Her words were collected into what is known as the Mushaf. Mushaf refers to a collection of sahifa, which is singular for 'page.' The literal meaning of Mushaf is 'The manuscript bound between two boards.' In the early days of Islam, people used to write on leather and other materials. They either rolled the writings, what we know as a 'scroll' in English, or kept the separable sheets and bound them together, in what could be called a Mushaf, a book in today's terms. Of course, the above narration requires more research and exegesis. '... Fatima's book, I don't claim that it is Qur'an, rather it contains what makes people need us and makes us in need of no one,' stated Imam Sadiq.[41] According to the traditions of the Ahlul Bayt, Fatima's Mushaf is not a Qur'an, but most definitely a revelation by Allah, to the Mistress of Women and Daughter of the Master of Prophets, just as He chose to make revelations to Moses' mother.

Sufis are taught to be aware of coincidences. They say that coincidences are merely 'Allah's orders', or 'no coincidence, only Providence'. Hagia Sophia (Greek, "Holy Wisdom") was the cathedral of Constantinople (today's Istanbul, Turkey).

The second word the author will consider, in this paper, is accounted the second most important name of Allah, and that is al- Rahman, the All-Merciful. The first ayat (verse) of Al-Fatiha (the most important chapter in the Qur'an) firmly establishes that the two names Al-Rahman and Al-Rahim refer to Allah, the Supreme Power, and to Allah exclusively. The two names' etymology stems from the same root: RAHM, which can mean 'womb' or 'place of origin'. There is a hadith qudsi that specifically addresses that: Allah says, 'I am al-Rahman. I created the womb and I derived its name from My name. I will be connected to whoever stays connected to it, and I will be cut off from whoever stays cut off from it.'

Sister W.H.[42] believes that most translators, in translating these words, do not take into consideration the context in which Allah refers to Itself as Rahman or Rahim. Surah Maryam (19) is the Sura in which the name Al-Rahman is mentioned most frequently (sixteen times). In ayat 18 of this Sura, Maryam asks for protection from Al- Rahman against one whom she perceives as a man entering her private chambers, but who in fact is the Archangel Jibreel (Gabriel). Sister W.H. holds that Maryam is asking for protection from the Most Powerful, the Almighty, not mercy from 'the Beneficent' as Rahman is often translated. Sister W.H. continues by stating that Maryam declares this asking for protection from Al-Rahman to the 'intruder' in order also to frighten the 'intruder,' for which situation the appellation 'the Merciful' or 'The Most Gracious' would hardly instill fear, and hence also be unsuitable. In every instance of the usage of the name Al-Rahman in the Qur'an, in the opinion of sister W.H., the only appropriate interpretation is expressed in the name The Almighty. Yet, as Cecilia Twinch perceives in her article The Beauty of Oneness witnessed in the emptiness of the heart[43], in this state of not knowing what the reality of the situation was, she turned to God with all her being, saying, 'I take refuge in the Merciful (Rahman) from you.' 'Consequently,' Ibn 'Arabi says, 'she was overwhelmed with a perfect state of the Divine Presence.'"[44]

Nevertheless, Sister W.H. recounts another example of the Almighty power of Al-Rahman, we have the description in Sura Taha, verse 5, that culminates when 'Al-Rahman' is established on the throne.”Thus the Holy Qur'an says, Inna Rabba-kumulla-hullazi khalaqas-samawati wal-'rza fi sitati 'yamin sumas-tawa 'lal 'rsh: 'Your Guardian- Lord is Allah, Who created the heavens and the earth in six days, and is firmly established on the Throne.'[45] This is the perfect image of power and authority, the assumption of full authority over everything.

Whatever sister W.H.'s interpretation, the concept of mercy is still relevant in this context. Note translations of the Towrah (Torah) of Moosa (Moses) use the word 'Mercy-seat'; could this not be a translation of the name Al-Rahman as 'Mercy' and Al-aarsh (throne) as 'seat'? Bear in mind that these two names, Al-Rahman, Al-Rahim are part of the most ancient, profound and universal revelation of the Divine in the opinion of the Jewish people and the Muslims. Yet, is this concept of the 'Mercy-seat' limited to the Jewish people and the Muslims? No. The Egyptian Goddess Isis is one of the goddesses that has stood the test of time. Isis is the Greek form of more ancient names (Aset or Eset), and the name Isis is represented in hieroglyphics with a picture of a 'throne'. The throne represented the Feminine power of the Goddess, and the King when he ascends the throne, is actually drawing power from the throne upon which he sits. Halmasuit is the Hittite throne goddess that represents divine legitimization of earthy rulership.

An Doctuir, An t-Athair Sean O Duinn, Department of Irish Mythology University of Limerick, gave a most interesting presentation on the personification of the Land as the Goddess as well as the place of the sacred well in Irish Mythology and early Irish Christianity. He explained that to the pre-Christian Irish, water was the source of all life. Eire, after whom the country was named, was the superior Goddess of water and fertility, the island of Ireland being the body of the goddess. The Irish language has no word for the coronation of a king. This is because Irish kings were not crowned; they were married to the goddess in a ceremony called An Bainais - the wedding. In the Bainais, the king received the land as his wife and the fruits of the land and all the wealth of an agricultural society came under his paternity as issued from the marriage.[46]

Surah 109 in the Qur'an, al-Kawthar, gives an especially revealing look into the Prophet's feminine soul. It was revealed because his enemies had been taunting him that he had no sons, only daughters, while they had been given sons to perpetuate their patriarchal ways. Allah revealed this message of consolation to the Prophet: "We have given thee al-Kawthar ... surely the one who hates thee will be cut off (from progeny). 'What is al-Kawthar? Al-Kawthar is a sacred pool of life-giving water in Paradise-a profoundly feminine symbol. The name of Kawthar is derived from the same root as kathir 'abundance', a quality of the supernal Infinite, the Divine Feminine. Allah established that Allah's feminine nature has primacy over Allah's masculine nature when Allah says in the hadith qudsi[47] 'My mercy precedes My wrath' (rahmati sabaqat ghadabi). The Prophet also said, 'Your body has its rights over you.'

Eric Ackroyd, author of A Dictionary of Dream Symbols: With an Introduction to Dream Psychology[48] writes about water, 'It is a feminine symbol, representing either your own femininity (whether you are a male or female), or your mother.' In addition, the Ka'ba stood by a sacred spring, the Zemzem, whose sacred waters are drunk by all good Muslims.[49] The Hajira or 'sudden departure' although applied to the events following 622 C.E. bears the same name as Hajira (Hagar), who discovered the spring of Zemzem flowing by Ishmael's foot when searching for water for him after the 'sudden departure' of Ibrahim.

Therefore, we see the Divine Feminine, as the Source of Life, being expressed first by the means that humans may understand the Divine Feminine, in other words, Wisdom, being a feminine word, second, by the two most holy names of Allah: al-Rahman and al-Rahim which express in a universal way (spanning cultures as varied as Egyptian, Hittitie and Celtic) that the Source of Life is the Divine Feminine.

However, the Divine Feminine does not always manifest in ways that most people think of as traditional, in other words: nurturing, embracing, caring, and so forth. She has a martial aspect too, and so it is not surprising that Al-Rahman wields power and can appropriately be called The Almighty. Pakistani-American artist Shahzia Sikander has explored the spiritual meaning of the Feminine in South Asia through her female images that blend veiled Muslim women and goddesses like Kali or Durga[50] in the same figure. By depicting the Divine Feminine in her art, she says, 'I am interested in the multidimensions of the female identity. The goddess could be a figure of power. It refers to empowerment definitely. And yet there is a certain sort of dark side to it too....'[51]

Now the author will consider the third name, and perhaps the most outstanding of all: al-Dhat. This word, in Arabic, is also feminine. Allah is Beyond the Beyond, higher than any action, manner or condition, and any thought that any being may have.[52] This transcendence of all qualities denotes the Divine Feminine. The renowned Sufi master Najm al-Din Kubra wrote of the Dhat as the 'Mother of the divine attributes.' On this makam or 'level of existence', femininity corresponds to interiority and masculinity to manifestation. The ancient Celtic Druids would perform a strange rite after two people married. The Druid would go into the house in which the marriage was consummated and reappear dressed in the bride's gown. He would do this to demonstrate the balance between the masculine and feminine aspects within himself.[53] The Druids were ancient Celtic priests, shamans and philosophers as described in Neo-Shamanists and Pagans Today P3: From N. Pennick to Celtic/Northern Literature.[54]

Druid-Shaman-Priest: Metaphors of Celtic Paganism by Leslie Jones further delves into the connection between the Druid and the Shaman. [55] 'A Shaman is a man or woman who is able, at will, to enter into a non-ordinary state of consciousness in order to make contact with the spirit world on behalf of members of his or her community.'[56] 'The distinctive feature of family shamanism was participation by nearly all members of the family in ritual activities. At the same time, peoples of northeastern Siberia had shamans who played the main role in rituals. They included transvestite male and female shamans. During religious ceremonies (kamlaniye), such male shamans dressed in women's clothes and female shamans dressed in men's clothes. Transvestite men and women shamans were regarded as the most powerful.'[57] Ibn al-'Arabi divulged, 'I sometimes employ the feminine pronoun in addressing Allah, keeping in view the Essence.' The perfection of the human state, al-insan al- kamil, means the perfection of both the masculine and feminine qualities together, and is symbolized by the marriage of Imam 'Ali (the nephew and brother-in-law of Muhammad) and Fatima (the daughter of Muhammad).

Love stories abound in all cultures: Romeo and Juliet, Orpheus and Eurydice, Tristan and Isolde, and in the Middle East, we find the stories of Yusuf and Zuleika, and Majnun and Layla. The story of Majnun and Layla was (and still is) widely known throughout the Islamic world. However, in the hands of Persian Sufi poets, the story became transformed into a symbol of the love of a human being for Allah. In Sufism, questing for Allah is similar to the European Grail quest in which the Knight quests for a Chalice (the cup being a symbol of the female sexual organ). Layla, in Arabic, comes from the word layl meaning 'night'. The association of the Divine Feminine with Darkness and the Night is ubiquitous.

The Sumela Monastery, in Trabzon on the shore of the Black Sea, is an important site for the Divine Feminine in Christianity, and provides a connection with the concept of the Islamic Layla. 'Sumela' is derived from the Greek words meaning 'dark stone.' Water drips down from a dark rock near the monastery.'Dark stone' has been a very ancient symbol of the Divine Feminine going back to pagan times, as has been posited in this paper with regard to the black stone of the Ka'ba.[58]

"These days, one of the most powerful archetypes being revived in feminist religion is Lilith, archetype of the 'dark' inner feminine. For ages this goddess had been cast aside and denigrated by patriarchal religion as a demoness, but now she is being looked at with renewed interest. To anyone following Lilith's career, it would be interesting to learn how she already had been rehabilitated centuries ago in Islamic Sufi guise. She is known to Muslims as Layla — of Layla and Majnun fame. Both names come from the same ancient Semitic root meaning 'night'. The old Akkadian form of her name was Lilitu, from the root L-Y-L, with the feminine ending in - t; it took the form Lilith in Hebrew. The Arabic name Layla is from the same root with a feminine ending often used in Arabic girls' names.”[59]

The blackness of night is an essential quality of the Divine Feminine. The 'black cloak' of Muhammad is very famous. The Sufis sing about kali kamaliya vala (the one wrapped in the black blanket) in their qawwalis (spiritual songs). Muhammad's prayer rug was also black, as was the first flag of Islam.

Majnun went crazy because of his love for Layla. He went out of his mind. The goal of the Sufi is called fana or 'annihilation', in which the Sufi literally goes out of his or her socially conditioned mind. Majnun means someone not in an ordinary state of mind. To quote the Diwan of Shaykh Ahmad al-'Alawi: 'I drew near to Layla's dwelling, when I heard her call. O would that sweet voice never fall silent! She favored me, drew me toward her, and took me into her precinct; then with words most intimate addressed me. She sat by me, then came closer, and raised the garment that veiled her from my gaze; she took me out of myself, amazed me with her beauty ... She changed me and transfigured me, marked me with her special seal, pressed me to her, granted me a unique station and named me with her name.'

In the nighttime, all that is visible during the day vanishes into the darkness. Boundaries fade away at night. Forms are no longer visible. This apparent lack of manifestation that takes place during the night is directly connected to the unmanifested aspect of the Divine Nature, Allah as Unmanifest. 'Aba'ad', is a very well known song from the Persian Gulf region. The full-length song is twenty and a half minutes in length. Many dancers and musicians in the United States know this song as 'Layla, Layla' because about fourteen minutes into the song the lyrics sing 'Layla' many times over and over again. The Saudi Arabian vocalist who made this song popular was Mohammed Abdou. 'Layla, Layla, Layla, Allah, Allah, Layla', go the lyrics, intertwining the name Layla with the name Allah.

At the top of (or beyond) the Kabbalistic Tree of Life is found three mysterious 'veils of negative existence (unmanifestation).' These veils contain and conceal the unmanifest aspects of the entire Tree of Life. The veils are traditionally not illustrated on the Tree of Life. When they are, they are drawn as three semi-circles above Keter. The most remote veil is Ain, which represents absolute negative existence. Complete darkness is a symbol of this state. The seed grows in the darkness of the earth and the fetus develops in the darkness of the womb. Each Sheikh has a woman that develops him into a Sheikh. Therefore, in this seemingly patriarchal mystery tradition (Sufism), we see that woman is the Hidden Initiatrix, the Shadow Guide, the Blackness that births the Light. 'Da tariki, tariqat'-'In the darkness, the Path,' is a Sufic maxim. The void has been described as a dark cave, a shadowy mihrab, the Concealed or Secret Radiance, the Black Stone of the Ka'ba, Ghayb ul-Ghaib ( Mystery of Mysteries ), Amma ( Darkness), and returning to the Womb of Fatima ('Alaiha Assalam) The Mother.

The Prophet Muhammad pronounced an utterance of supreme compassion and love for the feminine when he was returning from a battle with his Companions. They came upon a group of women and children. One woman had lost her child and was going around looking for him, her breasts flowing with milk. When she found her child, she joyfully put him to her breast and nursed him. The Prophet asked his Companions, 'Do you think that this woman could throw her son in the fire?' They answered 'No.' He then said, 'Allah is more merciful to His servants than this woman to her son.'[60] Jalal al-Din Rumi, in an amazing passage of the Masnavi on the Return to Allah, made reference to the story of the infant Moses and addressed Allah directly as 'Mother':

"On Resurrection Day, the sun and moon are released from service:
and the eye beholds the Source of their radiance,
then it discerns the permanent possession from the loan,
and this passing caravan from the abiding home.
If for a while a wet nurse is needed,
Mother, return us to your breast.
I don't want a nurse; my Mother is more fair.
I am like Moses whose nurse and Mother were the same.”[61]

Nick Herbert, a renowned physicist, states, 'Science has succeeded (perhaps too well) in taming Nature; now it's time to learn how to woo Her, seeing Her not as a collection of dead parts but approaching Nature as the very Body of the Beloved.'[62]

In Islam, there is not the same condemnation of the body as is found in many of the major Christian sects. Spirit if often depicted in Christianity as 'male' and the body as 'female'. The body is not an obstacle in Islam, but rather it is a means to attain enlightenment. Sexual pleasure is not shunned in Islam, but rather incorporated into daily life. To begin with, the body itself is given great significance in Islam when one takes into account the bodily postures that are a necessary and essential part of the compulsory five times a day, prayer. During salat (Islamic prayers) the body is metamorphosed into a manifestation of the sacred. These bodily postures are very similar to the bodily postures one observes in Hindu Hatha Yoga, which is a branch of Tantric Yoga. Islam's unitary, holistic view of the body and spirit is evident in the alchemical saying of the Shi'ite Imams, 'arwahuna ajsaduna wa- ajsaduna arwahuna' (our spirits are our bodies and our bodies are our spirits).

One of the primary goals of the Sufi is to reawaken the body to an awareness of it being an expression of the divine. The body is not basically sinful (as in the Roman Catholic Church's conception of Original Sin) in Islam, rather the body is the seat of the highest reality created by Allah in the whole universe. To understand the Divine Feminine in Sufism, it is helpful to understand a few basics of Tantra Yoga.

Therefore, the author asks the reader's indulgence as he briefly explores Tantra Yoga. The author believes the reader will be richly rewarded for his or her patience. The basic tenet of Tantrism is that matter, and therefore the body, is also a manifestation of Sakti power, that is, the power emanating from the feminine aspect of Divine Reality. In the domain of the spiritual life, the same term Sakti signifies the celestial energy that allows one to enter into contact with the Divinity. Hence, the body must not be opposed or despised. Tantra has been one of the most neglected branches of Indian spiritual studies despite the considerable number of texts devoted to this practice, which dates back to the 5th-9th century C.E. Tantra itself means, 'to weave, to expand, and to spread', and according to Tantric masters, the fabric of life can provide true and ever-lasting fulfillment only when all the threads are woven according to the pattern designated by nature.[63] Sex, being a part of nature, then is considered part of the fabric of life. The physical, spiritual and mental cannot be separated. To the Tantrics, the body is a form of consciousness, but this consciousness is veiled.

There is a form of Tantra, entitled 'Kundalini Tantra'. This is the Yoga of sexual intercourse. In the classical literature of hatha yoga Kundalini literally means coiling, like a snake. Kundalini can be understood as an immanent and latent liberating power, or as potentiality of liberation. This power lies in wait (is coiled) at the base of the spine of the average person. It is useful to think of Kundalini energy as the very foundation of our consciousness so that when Kundalini moves through our bodies our consciousness necessarily changes with it. Kundalini Tantra is engaged in precisely for the reason of freeing up this energy that is waiting at the base of the spine, and allowing it to flow freely up the spine. In yogic anatomy the sushumna is the central channel and conduit for the Kundalini energy that runs along our spine and up to the crown of our head, the summit of liberation (brahmarandhra). Along this channel are placed seven additional channel networks called chakras. These chakras are associated with major aspects of our anatomy - for example our throat, heart, solar plexus, and in turn these aspects of our anatomy are related to aspects of our human nature.

What ties Tantra to Sufism is contained in the symbolism of Prophet Muhammad's nighttime ascent to Heaven. The Prophet ascended on al- Buraq, a riding beast with the head of a woman, through the seven heavens to the Throne of God. Hadith relates that the Prophet's bed was still warm when he returned from the Mi'raj. On this night, the Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) reached within "two bows' length" of Allah. Fakhruddin 'Iraqi explains: 'Imagine lover and Beloved as a single circle divided by a line into two bow-shaped arcs. This line but seems to exist, yet does not, and if it will be erased at the moment of the Meeting, the circle will appear again as one - as in fact it really is. This then is the secret of Two Bows' Length.'[64] The secret Sufic explanation of the fact that the Prophet's bed was still warm, is that Muhammad (Peace be upon him) was making this journey while having sexual intercourse with his wife Khadijah.

Additionally, it is possible that Muhammad's nighttime ascent to Heaven, al-Mi'raj, was mediated by an hallucinogenic plant. Baqir Majlisi reports," It is related from the Prophet that over each leaf and seed of the isfand plant an angel is appointed so that through its bark and roots and branches grief and sorcery are set aside.”[65] There is an Iranian folk-song about isfand.

"Our Prophet selected it,
'Ali planted it, Fatima collected it
For Husayn and Hasan.
All who are born on Saturday,
On Sunday, or on Monday,
On Tuesday, or on Wednesday,
On Thursday, or on Friday;
Underground, on the ground;
Black-eyed, blue-eyed, crow-eyed, ewe-eyed;
All who have looked, all who have not;
Neighbor on left, neighbor on right;
Before the face, behind the back;
May the eye of the envious and of envy crack!"[66]

The Book of Plants by Abu Hanifa al-Dinawari (circa about 895 C.E.) states that harmel is discernible in two forms. One has leaves like the Egyptian willow and white fragrant flowers like those of jasmine. Sesame oil and Moringa seed oil become fragrant with this blossom. Its seed is a long capsule like that of Cassia. The other is called in Persian, isfand, and its capsule is round. Harmel contains the psychoactive compounds (harmine, harmaline, and tetrahydroharmine).[67]

In most ancient hunter-gatherer societies, women balanced the males supply of game with their collected harvest from the surrounding wilderness. Women therefore became the first to learn the secrets of plants, and plant propagation. This knowledge led to the development of agriculture, and the evolution from the animal totems of the hunter-gatherers to images of the Great Mother, who with proper worship produced her abundant harvest in the same way that women produced children. In various Mystery Cults, traditional ingestion of hallucinogenic plants allowed members the option of seeking a personal relationship with deity.

Interpretation of the Qur'an in the light of Sahaja Yoga was the topic of the first international conference of the Islamic Study Group in the city of Lucknow. Various Muslim scholars from around the globe dwelt on the divine powers of Nirmala Devi, who it is claimed rediscovered the magic of Sahaja Yoga. The members discussed the benefits of this form and how Muslims could benefit from it. Speaking on this occasion, Mr. Husain Top, a renowned Sufi saint from Turkey, said the seven heavens mentioned by the prophet were in fact seven 'chakras' of consciousness. 'God sees through man and he hears through man,' the Sufi saint said. Mr. Top explained how in the final stage of consciousness man is enveloped by the will of God and in this state he attains union with the Almighty and finds peace. [68] The human beloved becomes a witness (shahed), a Theophany of the Real.[69] Ibn Tamiya had remarked a practice that reflected the last of these views, noting that a mystic might kiss his or her beloved and say to him or her, 'Thou art God.'[70] Abdelwalah Bouhdiba describes the mystical approach to sexuality in Sufism, 'The body of a woman, therefore, is a microcosm of the masterly work of God. To lose oneself in it is to find oneself in God. To run over it is to continue the great book of Allah.'[71]

An eighteenth-century Gujarati text of the Satpanth Nizari Isma'ilis tells of a renowned Isma'ili and Sufi master imparting Tantric spiritual instruction to a Nath Siddha Jogi master. It includes both Islamic and Tantric terms, and demonstrates the intersection of these two traditions. A portion of this document has been published with a study by Dominique Sila Khan as 'Conversation between Guru Hasan Kabiruddin and Jogi Kanipha: Tantra Revisited by the Isma'ili Preachers.'[72]

Sometimes when the Divine Feminine is realized in all Her Splendor, She so transforms her devotees that their forms of worship are transformed also. Hence Islamic and Sufi groups arise that are considered heretical to mainstream Islamic and Sufi belief structures through attention and study of the feminine aspects of divinity. The concept that Allah is the feminine form of the Ultimate Reality is the inner secret of the most esoteric mysteries of Islam. Ibn 'al-'Arabi pronounced: 'True divinity is female, and Makkah is the womb of the Earth.' Because he said the godhead was feminine, they accused Ibn al-'Arabi of blasphemy. Allah commanded reverence for womankind in the Qur'an.[73]'Pay ye heed to Allah on whose bounty ye depend, and pay ye heed to womankind!'[74] Prophet Muhammad said that woman is the greatest treasure in the world. One of Sufism's first saints, Rabi'ah, is held with equal reverence as any male saint. In Chapter 9 of the Qur'an, At-Taubah, it is written: 'Then Allah did send down His Sakinah (calmness, tranquility and reassurance, etc.) on the Messenger (Muhammad), and on the believers, and sent down forces (angels) ...' Then in Sura 48 we find: 'It is He who sent down the Sakinah into the hearts of the believers, that they might add faith to their faith.'

The Sakinah in Islam is a manifestation of the Divine Feminine, very similar to the Shekinah in the Hebrew tradition. Prophecies of the return of the Shekinah, which had left the Temple and city of Jerusalem in the days of Ezekiel, are repeated in Zechariah. The word is also used to describe the mystical Shekinah presence in the tabernacle. Shekinah in Hebrew is a feminine noun; it is interesting that Isaiah refers to the Shekinah using feminine pronouns.[75]

In Arabic, Barakah means blessing or Divine Grace. It is a feminine Arabic name. Barakah also carries the meaning of 'soul power', the 'blessing', 'irradiation of sanctity', or the 'protective energy', all of which constitute so many images of the celestial Femininity.

Some contemporary feminists have condemned Muslim men for forcing Muslim women to wear the veil. First, it must be made clear that the veil is a patriarchal cultural accretion that is not a rule of Islam. However, the veiling of women, suggests mystery and sacralization. The Prophet said of himself: 'The Law (shari'ah) is what I say; the Path (Tariqah) is what I do; and Knowledge (Haqiqah) is what I am.' The Law carries with it connotations of masculine action, while Knowledge carries with it a sense of feminine intuition. One can truly experience the Divine Feminine only through this Knowledge. Prophet Muhammad also said 'Three things from your world have been made beloved to me: women, and perfume, and prayer the comfort of my eyes.' The great Shaykh Tosun Bayrak al-Jerrahi al- Halveti in his article 'True Love'[76] writes, "The Prophet of Allah, when he tells of the things he was made to love, puts woman above man. He uses the word thalath, feminine three, not thalathah, masculine three, and yet in the same sentence there is the word tib — perfume, which is masculine. In Arabic grammar when it is said, for example, 'Fatima and Zayd came,' the verb is in the masculine form. Thus the Prophet has purposefully and ungrammatically given precedence to the female over the male. In addition to the first loved one being feminine, third loved one, salat, is also (grammatically) feminine. The pattern is repeated thus: Dhat (Essence) is feminine; Adam is masculine; Eve is feminine. It is the concept of trinity: man (masculine) is between two feminines. They are linked: Essence to man; man to woman; woman to Essence.”

Unfortunately, much of the sexual revelations of the Saints of Sufism have been repressed. We are only now becoming aware of the great extent of these teachings. The Muslim Mullah and scholar, Imam Suyuti, wrote at least nine known works on erotic techniques. Suyuti is considered one of latter day Islam's greatest exoteric scholars. Most of his peers also wrote one or two works on the subject, some were quite prolific.[77] Ibn al-'Arabi also wrote a book of erotic poetry titled Tarjuman al-ashwaq (The Interpreter of Desires) which has meaning on both the erotic level and the spiritual level at once. Ruzbihan Baqli, a great Sufi saint, wrote, 'He poured me the wines of proximity; it was as though I was in that place like a bride in the presence of God. What took place after that cannot enter into expression. He graced me in a form that I cannot tell to any of God's creatures, and he was unveiled and there manifested from him the lights of his beautiful attributes.'[78] Sufis have had to be very careful in their mystical descriptions of their encounters with the Divine Feminine, as Sufis have been tortured and martyred for their sayings and writings which offend the traditional patriarchal view of Islam.

Pagla Kanai, a Bengali Muslim poet in the nineteenth century, identified Fatima as 'Mother Tara' or 'Mother Tarini' and prayed to her in this passage that blends Islam and Saktism:

"O mother, Pagla Kanai, who is of no consequence cries for you with every breath;
please cast a little shadow of your feet on me;
O Mother, take me to your feet.
O Mother Tara, the redeemer of the world,
O Mother Tarini, you shall appear as the savior of Muslims when Israfil will blow his horn,
when everything will be reduced to water,
and when your father's community will sink into water without a boat.”[79]

Pagla Kanai also compared Fatima to the goddess Kali and considered her more virtuous:

"Mother Kali is virtuous indeed—
she stood on her husband's chest!
Did my gracious mother (Fatima) ever trample Ali?”[80]

The Prophet Muhammad never advocated celibacy. According to a hadith, 'marriage is half the religion'; and in some Sufi orders, a student of Sufism cannot be considered for initiation until he or she is married. To know the Absolute, one must experience the primordial totality of the soul. Therefore, sexual union provides the Sufi with a glimpse of this Totality or Unity. The Prophet of Islam taught that when husband and wife look in each other's eyes with love, their sins are forgiven. When they hold hands, good deeds are recorded for them. When they make love, they are surrounded by praying angels. One statement of the Prophet is that: 'In the sexual act of each of you there is a sadaqa.'[81] The Prophet also stated, 'Three things are counted inadequacies in a man. Firstly, meeting someone he would like to get to know, and taking leave of him before learning his name and his family. Secondly, rebuffing the generosity that another shows to him. And thirdly, going to his wife and having intercourse with her before talking to her and gaining her intimacy, (and) satisfying his need from her before she has satisfied her need from him.'

In other words, the Prophet stated that a proper Muslim man understands that the woman takes priority before the man in reaching orgasm. This statement of Muhammad is a clear indication that Islam (as was taught and practiced during Muhammad's life) regarded women in the marriage bed as equal, if not superior, to men.

The Sufi and Exoteric legalist scholar, Imam Abu Hamid al-Ghazali (d. 505/1111), stated that, 'Sex should begin with gentle words and kissing.' The scholar of both outward exoteric studies, and inward studies, Imam al-Zabidi adds, in his commentary on al-Ghazali: 'This should include not only the cheeks and lips; and then he should caress the breasts and nipples, and every part of her body.' Regarding foreplay, Muhammad stated, 'Not one of you should fall upon his wife like an animal; but let there first be a messenger between you.' 'And what is that messenger?' they asked; and he replied, 'Kisses and words.' In his Magnum Opus Encyclopedia of the Islamic Religious Sciences, the Ihya Ulum al-Din, Imam Abu Hamid al- Ghazali stated, 'When he has come to his orgasm (inzal), he should wait for his wife until she comes to her orgasm likewise; for her climax may well come slowly. If he arouses her desire, and then sits back from her, this will hurt her, and any disparity in their orgasms will certainly produce a sense of estrangement. A simultaneous orgasm will be the most delightful for her, especially since her husband will be distracted by his own orgasm from her, and she will not therefore be afflicted by shyness.'[82] This book, the Ihya Ulum al-Din has been for over a thousand or so years the most popular work on the Islamic religious sciences, indeed it is a bestseller now in the Muslim world, and its sub-books have popular English translations even to-day.

Female-oriented religions are directly connected with birth and the body, nurturing, fecundity, nonviolence, wholeness, spirals, circles and the Underworld. Perhaps this is the profound insight that the Prophet Muhammad had when he said, 'Paradise is found at the feet of The Mother.' The secret Sufi understanding of this hadith is that the Arabic word for foot is the same word for the female pubic bone, suggesting that illumination can be found through sexual intercourse between two married Sufis in the station of Haqq. The great Sufi Sheikh, Ibn 'Arabi, 'practiced ... the exaltation of sexual intercourse as a supreme method of realization,' [83] and transmitted his direct knowledge from Allah to fourteen women, eight of whom received this transmission in dreams.[84]

Christianity, through contact with Sufism, has awakened to the Divine Feminine, in the form of chivalry or courtly love, characterized by the cult of the 'Lady' and by a no less particular devotion for the Virgin. The poetry of spiritualized Eros was passed along through the courtly love songs of the troubadours and the deliberately veiled symbolism of the alchemists. Patriarchal Christianity in the early Middle Ages condemned women as inferior and the cause of sin, and enforced the most repressive rules ever. It was only when the benign influence of Islam and Sufism began to make itself felt in Europe that Christendom began to ease up on its misogyny. The High Middle Ages of Europe arose from contact with Islamic civilization. Queen Eleanor of Aquitaine (1122-1204) was a key figure in this (and according to Idries Shah she was descended from Prophet Muhammad). At her Court of Love at Poitiers, she was a great patroness of the arts and encouraged the troubadours who sang of courtly love, that is, spiritualized Eros, which came from Sufism. She promoted the idea that real men loved and honored women, rather than fighting feudal wars or becoming monks.

After this, Western civilization began to soften toward women, and the veneration of Mary came to the forefront. However, 'sacred sex' had to remain underground in Christianity and could only be detected in the veiled, symbolic language of the poets and the alchemists. The French troubadour Peire Vidal (d. 1205?) said in one of his poems: 'I think I see God when I look on my lady nude.' He was put on trial and nearly burned at the stake. Sufis have often had to practice the art of taqiya (or concealment). That is, they practice the customs and religious practices of the people amongst whom they are living, in order not to be martyred by the prevailing traditionalists. The same became true for those who were privy to the arts of sacred sex during the Middle Ages. Many alchemical texts are actually manuals of coital practices to achieve Divine Awareness through sexual ecstasy. Books like the Perfumed Garden[85] were considered marginal in the Islamic world, the better-known corpus of sexual and erotic literature on its spiritual and worldly significance is, in general, un-translated.

An ongoing debate regarding the derivation of the name Allah is being waged among oriental scholars. To conclude this article, the author presents a sampling of the various claims asserted about the origin of the name 'Allah' and the relation of these assertions to the Divine Feminine.

1.) Among the Qur'anic references to its 7th Century pagan milieu may be found mention of three goddesses, called daughters of Allah: AI-Lat, AI-'Uzza and Manat; these are also known from earlier inscriptions in northern Arabia. Al-Lat (the Goddess) may have had a role subordinate to that of El (Ilah), as 'daughter' rather than consort.[86]

2.) The gods mentioned in the Qur'an are all female deities: Al-Lat, al-Uzza and Manat, which represented the Sun, the planet Venus, and Fortune, respectively; at Makkah they were regarded as the daughters of Allah. As Allah meant 'the god', so Al-Lat means 'the goddess'. [87]

3.) 'Ali-ilah; the god; the supreme; the all-powerful; all-knowing; and totally unknowable; the predeterminer of everyone's life destiny; chief of the gods; the special deity of the Quraysh; having three daughters: Al Uzzah (Venus), Manah (Destiny) and Alat; having the idol temple at Makkah under his name (House of Allah); the mate of Alat, the goddess of fate.[88]

4.) The Quraysh tribe into which Muhammad was born was particularly devoted to Allah, the moon god, and especially to Allah's three daughters who were viewed as intercessors between the people and Allah ... The worship of the three goddesses, Al-Lat, Al-Uzza, and Manat, played a significant role in the worship at the Ka'ba in Makkah. The first two daughters of Allah had names that were feminine forms of Allah.[89]

5.) Allah, the moon god was married to the sun goddess. Together they produce the three goddess (the daughters of Allah), Al-Lat, Al- Uzza and Manat. All of these 'gods' were viewed as being the top of the pantheon of Arab deities.[90]

6.) The shrine of the sacred stone in Makkah, formerly dedicated to the pre-Islamic Triple Goddess Manat, Al-Lat (Allah), and Al-Uzza, the 'Old Woman' was worshipped by Muhammad's tribesmen the Koreshites. The stone was also called Kubaba, Kuba, or Kube, and has been linked with the name of Cybele (Kybela), the Great Mother of the Gods. The stone bore the emblem of the yoni, like the Black Stone worshipped by votaries of Artemis... . priests of the Ka'ba are still known as Sons of the Old Woman.[91]

7.) Lane's Arabic-English Lexicon (which is based on classical Arabic dictionaries), says under the word Allah, while citing many linguistic authorities: "Allah ... is a proper name applied to the Being Who exists necessarily, by Himself, comprising all the attributes of perfection, a proper name denoting the true god ... the al being inseparable from it, not derived...” Thus according the Lane's Arabic-English Lexicon, Allah is thus a proper name, not derived from anything, and the Al is inseparable from it. The word al-ilah (the god) is a different word.[92]

8.) In Lane's Arabic-English Lexicon the words ilah (god) and Allah occur under the root A-L-H, but the word Al-lat is given under an entirely different root L-T. Therefore, "Al-lat" is not the feminine form of the word Allah (for in that case it would occur under the same root as for "Allah"), but is derived from a completely different root with a totally different meaning.[93]

9.) Allat, according to recent study of the complicated inspirational evidence, is believed to have been introduced into Arabia from Syria, and to have been the moon goddess of North Arabia. If this is the correct interpretation of her character, she corresponded to the moon deity of South Arabia, Almaqah, 'Vadd, 'Amm, or Sin as he was called, the difference being only the oppositeness of gender. Mount Sinai (the name being an Arabic feminine form of Sin) would then have been one of the centers of the worship of this northern moon goddess. Similarly, al-'Uzza is supposed to have come from Sinai, and to have been the goddess of the planet Venus. As the moon and the evening star are associated in the heavens, so too were Allat and al-'Uzza together in religious belief, and so too are the crescent and star conjoined on the flags of Arab countries today.[94]

10.) The ancient Greek historian Herodotos in the first volume of his historic work "Histories Apodexis", line 131-132, refers to the religion of the Persians. He writes, "They sacrifice to the sun and the moon and the earth and the fire and the water and the winds. Only to those they sacrifice of old. In addition they learnt to sacrifice to Urania[95], too. They learnt it from the Assyrians and the Arabs. The Assyrians call Aphrodite Mylitta[96], the Arabs Alilat...”[97]

11.) It seems unlikely that the name Allah comes from al-ilaah "The God", but rather from the Aramaic/Syriac alaha, meaning "God" or "The God.” The final "a" in the name Alaha was originally the definite article "The" is regularly dropped when Syriac words and names are borrowed into Arabic. Middle-eastern Christianity used Alah and Alaha frequently, and it would have often been heard. However, in the Aramaic/Syriac language there are two different “A" vowels, one rather like the "a" in English "hat"And the other more like the vowel in "ought.” In the case of Alah, the first vowel was like "hat" and the second like "ought.” Arabic does not have a vowel like the one in "ought", but it seems to have borrowed this vowel along with the word Alah. Those scholars who know Qur'anic Arabic, know that the second vowel in alla is unique; it occurs only in that one word in Arabic. Scholars believe that Jesus spoke mostly Aramaic, although sometimes he spoke Hebrew and he might have spoken Greek on some occasions. If Jesus spoke Aramaic, then he referred to God using basically the same word that is used in Arabic.[98]

12.) The word "Allah", as a lot of other words, especially words of the religious sphere, was imported from the Syriac (Aramaic) language: "Alaha"- with three long a-vowels -, is the Aramaic word for the (Christian) unique God. The last (long) "a" characterizes the status absolutus in the Aramaic language and was duly omitted by the Arabs like case endings in the Arabic vernacular, whereas the understanding of the first syllable of "Alaha" as an article was a common misunderstanding like for instance in Al-Iskandar from Greek Alexandros etc. The doubling of the "L" is irrelevant, since the doubling sign is a very late invention of Arabic orthography, centuries after Muhammad.[99]

It is noteworthy that during the Zikrullahs of the Chadhiliyya Sufi Order, the dervishes chant the name of Allah in 4/4 (four quarter) time with three distinct vocalizations on beats one, two and three, with a rest on the fourth beat. On beat number one, they chant the first "a" of Allah. On beat number two, they chant "llah" of Allah. And on beat number three, they distinctly chant another “A" (pronouncing it exactly as the "a" chanted on the first beat). They repeat this throughout their Zikruallah, sometimes only vocalizing three staccato quarter notes in 4/4 (four quarter) time. This trinity of sounds mimics the trinity of man (masculine) between two feminines observed by Shaykh Tosun Bayrak al-Jerrahi al-Halveti in his article "True Love" as discussed earlier in this paper. Since the Chadhiliyya Sufi Order is centered in Cairo, it is not beyond the realm of conjecture that they obtained the Aramaic word for God from the Coptic Christians in the area.[100]

The Divine Feminine, while hidden and mysteriously woven throughout Sufism, nevertheless will not be denied, but will reveal Herself to those worthy of the knowledge. Is the Divine Feminine an aspect of Allah , the form by which Allah unveils Allah to human beings, the Ultimate Reality of Allah, the Dark Unmanifest cosmic womb from which Ya Nur (The Light) bursts forth?

Her nature is as fluid as the dominion of water, which is a symbol of the Divine Feminine. "It has a voice and can be silent, murmur gently when tranquil or range and roar when it is tempestuous. Water has many powers. It has the ability to refresh men and animals and to restore new life to dried out vegetation. It can heal and purify and also has the capacity to destroy. Water symbolizes the original fountain of life, which precedes all form and all creation. Many myths and legends are based on a concept of there being a primeval ocean or watery abyss that was the source of all life. In the Hebrew view of creation it is said that 'the Spirit of God moved on the face of the Waters' and that 'the waters of the Torah' are the life- giving waters of the sacred law. In the Qur'an it is said, 'From the water we made every living thing'.”[101]

In the Dao-de jing of Lao-zi, the author writes, "The gateway of the mysterious female is called the root of Heaven and Earth. Though constantly flowing, it seems always to be present.”[102]

The waters flowing, from this gateway of the Divine Feminine, stream throughout Sufi thought and practice.

THE CENTRALITY OF THE DIVINE FEMININE IN SUFISM
http://home.earthlink.net/~drmljg/id8.html


————————————————————————————————

* I would like to express my gratitude to an individual who prefers to be known only by his initials "P.K.” for his fearless, dedicated and extensive exploration of the subject of the Divine Feminine.

[1] Rumi, Jalaluddin. The Mathnawi Jalaluddin Rumi. Trans. Reynold A. Nicholson. Gibb Memorial Trust, 2002 I:2437.
[2] Ali, Maulana Muhammad. Muhammad the Prophet. Lahore: 1924, p. 22
[3]. Syed, G. M.”Religion and Reality.”
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[4] A Tantric term for vagina.
[5] Briffault, R. The Mothers: A Study of the Origins of Sentiments and Institutions (3 Volumes). London: George Allen & Unwin LTD, 1952.
[6]"Fatimah, Mary and the Divine Feminine in Islam"
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[7] Qur'an. Sura 22:26-37.
[8]"The Black Stone: Dark Matter"
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[9] Ben-Jochannan, Yosef A.A. African Origins of Major"Western Religions. Black Classic Press, 1991.
Jackson, John G. Man, God and Civilization. Replica Books; Reprint edition, 2000.
[10] Taylor, Robert.”The Black Stone: The Nightside Tarot"
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[11] Briffault, R. The Mothers: A Study of the Origins of Sentiments and Institutions (3 Volumes). London: George Allen & Unwin LTD, 1952.
[12]"The Acacia Tree and the Rites of Initiation"
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[13] Taylor, Robert.”The Black Stone: The Nightside Tarot"
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[14]"Ancient Abyssinia: Ancient Abyssinia: Saba"
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[15] According to the Scofield Bible, the word Almighty is a translation of the Hebrew El Shaddai, one of the names applied to God in the Old Testament. El means the "Strong One," and shad means"The breast, invariably used in Scripture for a woman's breast. Shaddai therefore means primarily 'the breasted.' The Divine therefore is 'Shaddai' because She is the nourisher, the strength- giver, and so, in a secondary sense, the satisfier, who pours Herself into believing lives.
[16] Izutsu, Toshihiko. The Key Philosophical Concepts in Sufism and Taoism — Ibn Arabi and Lao-Tzu. Ghuang-Tzu:Tokyo 1966.
[17] Qur'an. Sura 39:47.
[18] al-Misri, Ahmad ibn Naqib. Reliance of the Traveller: A Classic Manual of Islamic Sacred Law (Umdat al-salik). Trans. Shaykh Nuh Ha Mim Keller. Amana Publications, 1994.
[19] al-'Arabi, Ibn. Wisdom of the Prophets (Fusus Al Hikam). Taj Publishers, 1994.
[20] Brown, Dan. The Da Vinci Code. Doubleday, 2003.
[21] Starbird, Margaret. The Woman With the Alabaster Jar: Mary Magdalen and the Holy Grail. Bear & Co., 1993.
[22] . Margaret Starbird holds a master's degree in comparative literature from the University of Maryland and has studied at the Christian Albrechts University in Kiel, Germany, and at Vanderbilt Divinity School in Nashville.
[23] For those who feel that many of the assumptions drawn by the authors of Holy Blood, Holy Grail have been since disproved and believe the authors' sources are questionable, The Messianic Legacy also by Baigent explains more fully the information used to deduce the premises put forward in Holy Blood, Holy Grail. It is based on other published works by scholars and authorities on the interpretations of the Dead Sea Scrolls.
[24] Goldziher, Ignaz . Muhammedanische Studien 2. Halle, 1989, p. 300; as cited in:
Women of Sufism: A Hidden Treasure: Writings and Stories of Mystic Poets, Scholars & Saints. Selected and Introduced by Camille Adams Helminski. Boston: Shambhala, 2003.
[25] The Ghulat being customarily judged Islamic (and usually Shi'a) extremists who go to extremes in exalting a person or persons to the extent of raising him or them above the ranks of ordinary human beings.
[26] Adjarian, H. "Gyoran et Thoumaris.” Translated into French by Frédéric Macler. Revue de L'Histoire des Religion 93, no. 3 (May — June 1926): 294-307.
[27]"Qiyamat-i Qubra in Alamut"
F.I.E.L.D. First Ismaili Electronic Library and Database
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[28] Tadhkira'i A'la, (Ahl-i Haqq Creation Story) as found in "The Truth-worshipers of Kurdistan: Ahl-i Haqq Texts" edited in the original Persian and analyzed by W. Ivanow, Leiden, Holland: E. J. Brill, 1953.
[29] Tadhkira'i A'la, (Ahl-I Haqq Creation Story) as found in "The Truth-worshipers of Kurdistan: Ahl-i Haqq Texts" edited in the original Persian and analyzed by W. Ivanow, Leiden, Holland: E. J. Brill, 1953.
[30]"Yarsanism"
Religions in Kurdistan
Sources: The Kurds: A Concise Handbook, by Dr. M. R. Izady, Department of Near Eastern Languages and Civilizations, Harvard University, USA, 1992.
http://www.kurdish.com/kurdistan/religion/yarsan.htm
(1997-99).
[31] The Hebrew word, Kabbalah from the verb root k-b-l, "to receive," means literally, "oral received tradition.”
[32] Fortune, Dion. The Mystical Qabalah. Maine: Samuel Weiser, Inc., 1986.
[33] Schäfer, Peter. Mirror of His Beauty: Feminine Images of God from the Bible to the Early Kabbala. Princeton University Press, 2003.
[34]"Islam and the Divine Feminine"
peNkaLai katalikkirên
http://www.penkatali.org/feminine.html
[35] Armstrong, Karen. A History of God. Ballantine Books, 1993.
[36] Baker, Denise Nowakowski, Julian of Norwich's Showings: From Vision to Book, Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1994, 116.
[37]"Jesus of Nazareth"
GNOSTIC SOPHIA
Book of Jesus Volume I
Chapter 13
http://www.holyorderofmans.org/Jesus-of-Nazareth/13- gnostic_sophia.htm
[38]"Knowledge of Reality Magazine"
Issue # 22
http://www.sol.com.au/kor/kor_22.htm
[39] Bakhtiar, Laleh. Introduction. Shariati, Dr. Ali. Fatima is Fatima. Tehran: The Shariati Foundation.
[40] Bakhtiar, Laleh. Sufi: Expressions of the Mystic Quest. New York: Avon Books, 1976, p. 23.
[41] Related by Hussein Ibn Alala.
[42] W.H, Sister. "Al-Rahman"
Introduction to Islam
http://www.quran-islam.org/227.html
[43] Twinch, Cecilia. "The Beauty of Oneness witnessed in the emptiness of the heart"
Delivered at the MIAS Symposium on Retreat Berkeley, October 1997
The Muhyiddin Ibn 'Arabi Society
http://www.ibnarabisociety.org/twinch.html
[44] Wisdom of the Prophets, (extracts from Ibn Arabi's Fusus al- hikam translated into the French by Titus Burckhardt and into the English by Angela Culme-Seymour, Beshara Publications 1974, p. 69.
[45] Qur'an. Sura 7:54.
[46] Duinn, An Doctuir, An t-Athair Sean O.”Lectures at the Holy Well"
Castlemagner Historical Society
http://www.iol.ie/~edmo/lectures.html
[47] The hadith qudsi are hadiths in which the Prophet says that Allah says so and so. The meaning of the these hadith was revealed to the Prophet but he put them in his own words, unlike the Qur'an which is the word of Almighty Allah and the Prophet conveyed it exactly as it was revealed to him.
[48] Ackroyd, Eric. A Dictionary Of Dream Symbols: With An Introduction To Dream Psychology. Blandford Press, 1993.
[49] Briffault, R. The Mothers: A Study of the Origins of Sentiments and Institutions (3 Volumes). London: George Allen & Unwin LTD, 1952.
[50] Kali makes her "official" debut in the Devi-Mahatmya, where she is said to have emanated from the brow of Goddess Durga (slayer of demons) during one of the battles between the divine and anti-divine forces. Etymologically Durga's name means "Beyond Reach.” She is thus an echo of the woman warrior's fierce virginal autonomy. In this context Kali is considered the"forceful"form of the great goddess Durga.
"Mother Goddess as Kali - The Feminine Force in Indian Art" Article of the Month - August 2000
Exotic India — The One Stop Shop for Indian Arts http://www.exoticindiaart.com/kali.htm.
[51]"Art in the twenty-first century"
art:21
Shahzia Sikander
Biography
http://www.pbs.org/art21/artists/sikander/
[52] Muzaffereddin, Al-Hajj Shaikh, and Shems Friedlander. Ninety- Nine Names of Allah: The Beautiful Names. New York: Perennial Library, Harper Colophon Books, 1978.
[53] Naddair, Kaledon. Keltic Folk & Faerie Tales: Their Hidden Meaning Explored. Century.
[54]"Neo-Shamanists and Pagans Today P3: From N. Pennick to Celtic/Northern Literature"
Sociology of the Esoteric and Science News, June 28, 2003
http://mailbox.univie.ac.at/~muehleb9/neosh3.html
[55] Jones, Leslie Ellen. Druid-Shaman-Priest: Metaphors of Celtic Paganism. Hisarlik Press, 1998.
[56] Margaret Locke; Interview. Capra, Fritjof. Uncommon Wisdom: Conversations With Remarkable People. Simon & Schuster, 1988.
[57]"Hunters: Spiritual Life"
Message from the Museum Directors, Illinois State Museum
http://www.museum.state.il.us/exhibits/changing/journey/hunters- spiritual.html
[58] Dr. Adrienne Momi and Dr. Rashid Ergener"Anatolia Land of Mother Goddess"
http://www.mythic-travel.com/about.htm
[59]"The Return of Lilith Reintegration, the Dark Feminine, and Sufi Islam" http://www.penkatali.org/lilith.html
[60] From the hadith collection of Imam al-Bukhari.
[61] Rumi, Jalaluddin. The Mathnawi Jalaluddin Rumi. Trans. Reynold A. Nicholson.
Gibb Memorial Trust, 2002, V:701.
[62]"Interview with a Quantum Tantrik"
http://www.quantumtantra.com/interview.html
[63] Ji, Shri Aghori. "What is Tantra? Part 1: The Basic of Tantrism"
Hinduism, What You Need To Know About
http://hinduism.about.com/library/weekly/aa082501a.htm
[64]'Iraqi, Fakhruddin. Divine Flashes. Trans. and Intro. William Chittick and Peter
Lamborn Wilson, New York, Paulist Press, 1982, p. 98.
[65] Rudgley, Richard. Essential Substances: A Cultural History of Intoxicants in Society. Ed. John Urda. Kodansha International; Reprint edition (August 1995).
[66] This song was brought to my attention by Mr. Frederick R. Dannaway.
[67]"HARMEL AND YAGE (Notes taken from a thesis on soma, moly, yage and other psychotropic drugs)"
Source: Flattery, David. Haoma and Harmaline: The Botanical Identity of the Sacred Hallucinogen "Somo" and Its Legacy in Religion, Language, and Middle Eastern Folklore. University of California Press, May 1989.
http://www.iras.ucalgary.ca/~volk/sylvia/Haoma.htm
[68] Article The Hindustan Times 9 Feb. 1998.
[69] Wilson, Peter Lamborn. Sacred Drift: Essays on the Margins of Islam. San Francisco: City Light Books, 1993, 60-61.
[70] Taymiya, Ibn. Al-Radd 'ala Ibn 'Arabi wa-l-Sufiya. p. 56; cited by Ritter (Meer, pp. 476-77)
[71] Bouhdiba, Abdelwahab. Sexuality in Islam London. Routledge & Kegan Paul plc, 1985, p. 135.
[72] Khan, Dominique Sila. "Conversation between Guru Hasan Kabiruddin and Jogi Kanipha: Tantra Revisited by the Isma'ili Preachers.” Tantra in Practice. Ed. David Gordon White. U.K. Delhi, Motilal Banarsidass: 2001.
[73] Qur'an. Sura 4:1.
[74] Qur'an, Sura: Nisa, The Message of the Qur'an: Presented in Perspective by Hashim Amir-Ali, Charles E. Tuttle Company, Rutland, Vermont & Tokyo, Japan, 1974.
[75] Isaiah 51:9 and 10, and its context the pronouns are feminine. In verse 10 the KJV uses Thou and It to refer to the Shekinah. Both pronouns are feminine in Hebrew. The Qumran text makes the feminine form certain, literally feminine "You She" translated in KJV "Thou It.”
[76] Bayrak al-Jerrahi al-Halveti, Shaykh Tosun. "True Love"
http://www.crescentlife.com/spirituality/true_love.htm
[77] S, Mr., "Islam and Sacred Sexuality"
http://www.gaia-web.org/gaia-wicca/philosophy/sexuality/islam.html
[78] Baqli, Shaikh Ruzbihan. The Unveiling of Secrets: Diary of a Sufi Master (original title: Kashf al-asrar) Trans. Ernst, C. W., Chapel Hill, N.C., 1997, p. 54.
[79] Tara is a Tantric Sakti goddess (mahavidya), one of the best- loved manifestations of Sakti for Tantric practitioners, and as such she has appealed to the hearts of Bengali Muslims as much as the Prophet's beloved daughter Fatima.
[80] Roy, Asim. The Islamic Syncretic Tradition in Bengal. Princeton University Press, 1984, p. 94-95.
[81] Sadaqa, in Arabic, is a form of Worship defined primarily as a charitable gift; the implication here is that the sexual act is a gift. Second, Sadaqa is an act of worship, a rite.
[82] al-Ghazzali, Imam. Ihya Ulum Id-Deen. Trans. Maulana Fazlul- Karim. Islamic Book Services India.
[83] Wilson, Peter Lamborn. Sacred Drift: Essays on the Margins of Islam. San Francisco: City Light Books, 1993.
[84] Addas, Claude. Ibn 'Arabi, Ou La quête du Soufre Rouge. Paris: Gallimard, 1989.
[85] Nafzawi, Umar Ibn Muhammad. The Perfumed Garden of the Cheikh Nefzaoui: A Manual of Arabian Erotology. Trans. Richard Francis Burton. New American Library, 1999.
[86]"Arabian Religions.” Encyclopedia Britannica: 15th edition, 1979, p.1057.
[87] Guilaume, Alfred. Islam. Pelican, 1956, p. 6-7.
[88] Afshari, M. J. Is Allah The Same God As The God Of The Bible?
[89] Morey, Robert A. Islamic Invasion. Christian Scholars Press, 2001.
[90] Mercatante, Anthony S. The Facts on File Encyclopedia of World Mythology and Legend. Facts on File, Inc., 1989.
[91] Rootswoman. "Re: Before Allah ...was The Mother"
New Reasoning Forum - New Rastafari Speaks Board
[92] Lane, Edward William. Arabic English Lexicon. Intl Book Centre; Reprint edition, 1984.
[93] Lane, Edward William. Arabic English Lexicon. Intl Book Centre; Reprint edition, 1984.
[94] Finegan, Jack. The Archeology Of World Religions. Princeton University Press, 1952, p. 482-485, 492.
[95] Urania = The Celestial One, i.e. Aphrodite.
[96] Assyrian: Bilit
[97] Heger, Christoph.
Newsgroups: soc.religion.islam
Subject: Re: How About That Moon God?
Date: Wed Mar 25 18:59:38 EST 1998
[98] The Origin of the name "Allah"
http://answering-islam.org/Quran/Sources/alaha.html
[99] Heger, Christoph.
Newsgroups: soc.religion.islam
Subject: Re: How About That Moon God?
Date: Wed Mar 25 18:59:38 EST 1998
[100] La Chadhiliyya: Sufi Chants from Cairo Institut Du Monde Arabe
Audio CD (November 16, 1999)
ASIN: B000034D5I
[101] "The Symbolic Meaning of Water"
The Active Birth Centre
http://www.activebirthpools.com/symbolic.html
[102] "Passages on Feminine Power"
From the Dao-de jing of Lao-zi
Trans. Randall Nadeau, Trinity University

www.trinity.edu/rnadeau/Asian%20Religions/Lecture




Shri Mataji Nirmala Devi (1923-2011) was Christian by birth, Hindu by marriage, and Paraclete by duty.” title=
Khatun-i-Qiyamat (Lady of Resurrection) pays visit to
Nizamuddin's Shrine in New Delhi, India on Mar 30, 1993
“So many things you have seen get organized because also this Paramchaitanya has come into Kruta Yuga where it is working it out. It's acting. And this activity, also, is absolutely supportive to you.

For example, the police people told us that there are Muslims living here and you might have some danger from them. They might do some harm to you.

I said, "Which Muslims are they?” So they said, "Nizamuddin Aulia people are here.” I said, "They'll never harm us.” I said, "Why? Because he was a Sufi and he was a great realized soul and the people who are around there, must be, most of them are, at least, believers of Sufism. How can they harm us?” So I said, "Tomorrow, early in the morning, you go and put a chador, as they call it, all of you," and they were so impressed that you saw in the evening they came here all the way, morning time, and they were so respectful, then they called me, they gave me another chador, this, that and they said that we are yours and this and that, all kinds of things.

And his disciple was Amir Kousrow, was another very, very great Sufi gentleman and I always have admired his poetry and also the way Nizamuddin led his life of dignity and divinity.

All these Muslims who were there put hands towards me like this and they said, "We are feeling the Cool Breeze", I said, "This is Ruh.” "Ah, this is Ruh.” Once these people start getting Ruh, they will all become Sahaja Yogis very soon and you may have to have ... (unfinished sentence due to clapping)"

Khatun-i-Qiyamat Shri Mataji
Birthday Puja, New Delhi, India—March 21, 1993.
1993-03-30 Visit to Nizamuddin Shrine Part One
1993-03-30 Visit to Nizamuddin Shrine Part Two


Shri Mataji Nirmala Devi (1923-2011) was Christian by birth, Hindu by marriage, and Paraclete by duty.” title=
Shri Mataji Nirmala Devi (1923 - 2011) was Christian by
birth, Hindu by marriage, and Paraclete by duty.
“I have read a book written by a one great sufi from Turkey and another I have read it with our Nizamuddin here who had written something and his disciples just the same, they write the same thing. I mean there is no difference because absolute knowledge is the same only expression may be different. They might use different expression.

So you get out of this madness of religion also. Religion can never teach you to hate anyone, can never, because I am talking here about the power of love. This All Pervading Power is the power of love. It guides you, it looks after you, it cooperates, it coordinates. It is so efficient a government that I don't think we can ever imagine how efficient it is and it works just like this. Sometimes it is very amazing"

Khatun-i-Qiyamat Shri Mataji
Address to Doctors (Indian Medical Association), Auditorium, New Delhi, India—April 6, 1997




Shri Mataji Nirmala Devi (1923-2011) was Christian by birth, Hindu by marriage, and Paraclete by duty.” title=
Khatun-i-Qiyamat (Lady of Resurrection) pays visit to
Nizamuddin's Shrine in New Delhi, India on Mar 30, 1993
“Surprisingly, if you read Koran you will be amazed that Mohammed Saheb wanted to bring peace but it's not so.

I met one man from Kashmir. He said that, where is the peace? They are all fighting-fighting. We want peace. But, surprisingly he said, in India you find just peace. But this Kashmir is a mad place where everybody is all the time challenged and everything attacked under the name of Islam itself! So, I said, it's not Islam. Islam means surrender. And he said, if you surrender they will kill you. We have no protection.

It's very surprising, very, very surprising how now the Muslims themselves are realizing that this cannot be Divine life because in Divine life people are just the same with each other. You see we had Sufis all over the world. I have read them. I have read the Sufis of Turkey and also other places.

Even in India we had Sufis, though they don't call themselves Sufis. Sufi means, I don't know what ever you may think about it but according to Indian understanding, Sufi means 'saaf' and 'saaf' means clean, means pure. Those who are pure people are Sufis. In the purity they see nothing but Divine grace, Divine love, Divine peace. They talked of peace only, they could not talk of war. Anybody who talks of war cannot be a person who has got any right to do that.

War is absolutely like madness. Even animals won't fight like that. We are even worse than animals when we think of war and killing each other. This should not be done and it has to be stopped completely. Nobody has the right to kill anybody unless and until he is attacked.

So, what we hear about our resurrection is this that we are above so many things.”

Khatun-i-Qiyamat Shri Mataji
Easter Puja, Istanbul, Turkey—April 23, 2000




Shri Mataji Nirmala Devi (1923-2011) was Christian by birth, Hindu by marriage, and Paraclete by duty.” title=
Shri Mataji Nirmala Devi (1923 - 2011) was Christian by
birth, Hindu by marriage, and Paraclete by duty.
“I bow to all the seekers of truth.

I have been coming the Turkey in the last ten years. And how this place is filled so much with spirituality. Perhaps we have had so many sufis here, must be something in this country that there so many sufis were created. And I have read about them and I have read about Rumi and all of others. And I find they described the quality of a sufi the state of his mind, very beautiful.

But they didn't say how to become sufis. They described also very well absolutely and very truthfully whatever was the achievement but nobody could say that how they achieved it. Even in the Kuran you see how Muhammed Sahab has described that he went to seventh heaven on a white horse. He was a poet and the whole thing was so poetic. The white horse was this Kundalini. The more you know about Kundalini you will see how poetically he has described all these seven heavens.

So, unless and until you are a self realized soul, as he has said "know thy self'. Unless and until you know your self you can not understand any of these scriptures. All of them say they same thing in different ways. And it is difficult for common people to understand. In no way there is difference in the explanation of all these scriptures, they are just the same. Then there is no question of fighting because there is no difference in what they are trying to tell.”

Khatun-i-Qiyamat Shri Mataji
Public Program, Istanbul, Turkey—April 25, 2001







Shri Mataji Nirmala Devi (1923-2011):
Christian by birth, Hindu by marriage,
and Paraclete by duty.

"On the other hand, the Spirit has also been
conceived of as a 'personal divine being distinct
from and in some degree independent of God.'
Stephen Smalley asserts that 'The Spirit-
Paraclete ... in John's Gospel is understood as
personal, indeed, as a person.'"
(Thompson 2006 147)
Interviewer: "Is Sahaja Yoga like Sufism? Islamic spiritualism?”

Shri Mataji: "Not 'ism'. That's the difference between the two. Anyone can call himself a sufi. It's not an 'ism'. 'Ism' means a kind of theory or a kind of group who believes in something. It's not like that. Sahaja Yoga makes you a sufi. Sufi means 'cleansed'. It cleanses you and you get rid of all these horrible things and you become a transformed person. Most of the sufis didn't know how they became sufis. They were born like that. And the others who talk about that, like Tao. You must have heard about the Chinese thing, Tao; when they describe a sage, they say a sage is like this, like that. But how does he become like that? So that part is missing, even in the sufi theories. How you become a sufi? Just by going round and round, you don't become a sufi. By following a certain code of life, you don't become a sufi. What does it, is Kundalini. That has to rise.”

Interviewer: "Turkey is located in the middle of several volatile regions. For example, the Balkans, the Caucasus, the Middle East with its present Israel and the Palestinians. Can Turkey and or Turkish Yogis play a role in bringing peace to these regions?”

Shri Mataji: "Of course. Why not. Of course. Turkey has one very great blessing. It has had so many sufis. And if you read them, it is a description of Sahaja Yogis. They didn't call them Sahaja Yogis but they were because they are described to be like this or that and when they tell about their own experiences in poetry you are amazed to see they are talking like Sahaja Yogis. That's the reason. Because of that blessing, Turkey has become very important for me also. That spirituality will definitely take a shape here and maybe, I almost feel, that Islam will be, really be shown in Turkey very well and maybe it will help people to correct their ideas about Islam.”

Turkish Daily News, 27 April 2001




The Divine Feminine appears as the Khatun-i-Qiyamat (Lady of Resurrection)


The Great Adi Shakti Shri Mataji Nirmala Devi
Shri Mataji Nirmala Devi (1923-2011) was Christian by birth,
Hindu by marriage, and Paraclete by duty.

The Paraclete Shri Mataji at the Dawn (May 5, 1970) that commences the
Resurrection and fulfills the Savior's 2000-year-old promise of life eternal
in the Kingdom of God. However, thousands of Her disciples—led by leaders
having no faith or conviction—have refused to declare the Good News
(Besorat HaGeulah Judaism/ Al-Naba Islam) of the Resurrection
(HaTechiyah [Torah]/ Al-Qiyamah [Quran]). May 5, 2020 will mark five
decades of an unprecedented, collective rejection by Her disciples (Sahaja
Yogis) that has no parallel in history.
"Now the Time has come to start talking, announcing, telling about it to everyone. Otherwise the world would say that we never knew about it....

You must have that vision before you that I have put many a times before you people that you have to emancipate the humanity....

Now we have to openly say and tell these fundamentalists, 'You don't know about the truth, or the power that is working. You are stupid people running after something that is a mirage and all of you will end up in hell.'

You may tell people but the new announcement has to come to say that running after falsehood is not going to take you to God. We believe in the power of Love, and not in the power of hatred. We believe that everyone is capable of finding the truth and getting to the heaven of that paradise which is promised to us, the kingdom of God.”

THE MOTHER: Messiah-Paraclete-Ruh-Devi
Rome, Italy—May 6, 1990



"The main thing that one has to understand is that the time has come for you to get all that is promised in the scriptures, not only in the Bible but all the scriptures of the world. The time has come today that you have to become a Christian, a Brahmin, a Pir, through your Kundalini awakening only. There is no other way. And that your Last Judgment is also now.”

THE MOTHER: Messiah-Paraclete-Ruh-Devi
London, UK—December 10, 1979



“But if you want the ultimate, the absolute, it is there. That's the only way you can get rid of your confusions and get rid of all your ideas of relative existence—political, economic and everything can be only dissolved through achievement of your absolute. Because after realization you can feel, you can ask any absolute question. For example, if you want to ask the question "Is there God?”, immediately the Cool Breeze starts coming out. Tremendous! The answer comes as if like a computer you start working out because you are put to the mains!"

"So it is necessary for the whole humanity to pay attention today because the time is coming when the sorting out will take place. That time nobody is going to persuade, or tell you and fill the halls and request you. The sorting out will be there. Better get it now and establish it. The whole humanity has to be saved! No use doing patchwork. Do something substantial. Substantial is only possible if you go to the roots of this Tree of Life and nourish it, enlighten it. That is the only way one can work it out. May God bless you all.”

THE MOTHER: Messiah-Paraclete-Ruh-Devi
Achieving Truth—May 25, 1980

"Paul portrays a Spirit-Christology and Jesus is understood to be raised to new life by the Spirit (Rom. 1:4). The Spirit is the Spirit of Christ (Rom. 8:9; Gal. 4:6; Phil. 1:19) and it is through the Spirit that the believer is able to confess that "Jesus is Lord" (1. Cor. 12:1-3). Therefore, to be "in Christ" and "in the Spirit"are the same. Just as God and Spirit are the same, the Spirit cannot be experienced apart from Christ (1 Cor. 12:3). Christ is portrayed as "a life giving Spirit" (1 Cor. 15:45) and the Spirit works to give illumination and divine revelation in the face of affliction (1 Thess. 1:6; 1 Cor. 2:10-12; 2 Cor. 3:14-17). As a result, the believer has a responsibility to live her life in the power of the Spirit (Rom. 8:4-6, 14; Gal. 5:16, 18, 25). This responsibility should not be taken lightly as one should not ignore the depth of the Spirit’s power. Walking in the power of the Spirit is life-changing as the Spirit becomes an agent through which changes and transformation can occur.
Johannine pneumatology (from the Greek, pneuma, meaning breath, comparable to the Hebrew word for spirit) shows the Spirit's life-giving power of water and breath: rebirth (John 3:5-8), spring of life (John 4:14; 6:63; 7:38-39), and new creation (John 20:22; cf. Gen. 2:7; Ezek. 37:9). The Johannine Epistles speak of anointing (1 John 2:20, 27) and Jesus has been given the Spirit (John 3:34). The Spirit is named "other Paraclete" (14:16) which implies that Jesus is the first (1 John 2:1). The term parakletos (from para+kalein) means "one called alongside to help" and thus is an advocate or witness (John 14:26). The Spirit becomes a source of inspiration and vision as people feel the presence of the Spirit around them. The Spirit also becomes an indispensable aspect of living ass it becomes an advocate for us to help us live a life of good stewardship.” (Kim 2013, 73)





Shri Mataji Nirmala Devi (1923-2011) was Christian by birth, Hindu by marriage, and Paraclete by duty.” title=
"The Baptism of God, and who is better than God to baptize? Him do we worship" surah 2:138
July 28, 2009
Yahoo forum post # 11801

Just yesterday I met a Muslim and told her that I believe in the Koran, and that Prophet Muhammad is indeed the messenger of God. But my faith and confidence flowed from Shri Mataji's sacred knowledge of Al-Qiyamah, not the petty Islam that so many Muslims pride themselves in. She is indeed the Comforter sent by God Almighty in the name of Jesus. Or, in case you only follow the Qur'n, She is the Spirit sent by Allah to declare the Message of the Resurrection during Al-Qadr!

We have indeed revealed this (Message of the Resurrection) in the night of Power: (1)
And what will explain to thee what the Night of Power is? (2)
The Night of Power is better than a thousand Months. (3)
Therein come down the angels and the Spirit by Allah's permission, on every errand: (4)
Peace!... This until the rise of Morn! (5)

surah 97:1-5 Al Qadr (The Night of Power and Honour)

For most Muslims it may sound harsh, perhaps even infuriating, that i regard the Islam they follow to be "petty.” But I have reasons that are eschatological in nature, reasons that are based entirely on the Qur'n and the revelations of His Spirit. Probably one of the most important reason is the true nature of Al Qadr (the Night of Power) that Muslims have misinterpreted away against logic and sense.

The present Night of Power is better than a thousands months. But what are the thousand months and why is the Night of Power better? These are questions that the ulema cannot answer correctly and what will explain to them what the Night of Power is? The thousand months is an entire life (80 years 4 months to be precise) spent in prayer, pious deeds, fasting during Ramadan, and remembering God at all times. But Al Qadr (The Night of Power) is better than an entire life of righteous living because it empowers you to resurrect yourself into the eternal spirit during Al-Qiyamah.”

The vast majority of Muslims have always sought knowledge and guidance in the mosque and madrassas," places where intelligence is ailing and where, for centuries, the faithful have practiced obedience to dogma and submission to the Law—and therefore obedience and submission to those who claim to be the elect, the envoys, and the word of God.” (Michel Onfray, In Defense Of Atheism: The Case Against Christianity, Judaism And Islam)

So we are faced with a monumental task of explaining the eschatological and esoteric nature of Islam, of which Al Qadr is its heart and Al-Qiyamah the soul. At present only the Sufis may understand that, and Shri Mataji is correct in Her claim. Although the opening paragraph below of Islam the Straight Path (by Kenneth W. Morgan) betrays the problem(s) in approaching them today, the rest of the article offers a glimmer of hope that they may heed His Call to bear witness to the Resurrection:

"As an ideal mode of spiritual life, Sufism has passed through various stages. At some times it was thoroughly orthodox, at others so far removed from orthodoxy as to become a mere system of religious philosophy. It has also undergone some periods of stagnation and corruption during which its followers completely lost sight of the noble and lofty ideals of the original founders, preserving an outward appearance of ritual with nothing to correspond to it in the heart. But these remarks belong more to the history of Sufism. Our immediate object here is to try to set forth the mystical attitude toward Islam so far as it can be gleaned from the lives and teachings of the great Sufi masters, leaving everything else out of our account.

The special attitude of the Muslim mystics toward Islam was quite clear from the time their movement started. Until the end of the second century (eight century A.D.) religious laws were based on the literal texts of the Qur'n and Prophetic Traditions, and scrupulously carried out. They were thoroughly studied and strictly adhered to in practice. Knowledge of the canon law—jurisprudence—was the most venerated of all knowledge, and adherence to its rules was the ultimate aim as well as the true mark of every pious Muslim. When the Sufis appeared on the scene, they came with another religious ideal. To them the examination of the esoteric meaning of the law was a more worth objective than the study of the law in its exoteric sense. Hence arose the distinction between the outward expression of the law and its inward significance, and with it the distinction between the study of jurisprudence on the one hand and Sufism on the other. The jurists became known as the externalists and Sufis as the internalists. Gradually the opposition between the two camps grew more and more intense as they realized that they stood for two different concepts of Islam and its teachings.

The differences between the legalists and the Sufis were apparent in their interpretations of the meanings of religious law and the ways in which it should be derived and justified. They differed as to the nature of worship and the way it should be performed. They did not agree as to which actions are lawful or unlawful or what parts of the law are basic to Islam. Nor did they agree as to the object and value of obligatory and supererogatory religious devotions. Is God the object of formal worship or love? They differed on many points of Islamic dogma, especially concerning the conception of God in His relation to man, and the meaning of the unity of God.

It is obvious that such disputes touch the very core of Islam, and it is no wonder that the Muslim theologians and jurists became the bitterest enemies of the Sufis and fought them on all fronts for centuries. The first opposition to their movement came from the traditionalist Ahmad Ibn Hanbal (died 241; A.D. 855). He could not conceal his admiration for a Sufi like al-Harith al-Muhasibi (died 243; A.D. 857), but admitted that al-Muhasibi spoke in his sermons a language unknown ot him, the language of the Sufis. He did not doubt his sincerity but was full of suspicion and apprehension. Relentless persecution of the Sufis was carried on by Ibn Hanbal's party and other theological sects in order to put an end to their growing influence.

Gradually the new mysticism of Sufism—or rather, the new religious spirit—gained ground. It was realized that Islam as understood by the jurists was ultimately reduced to formal ritual which consisted in the performance of certain bodily movements. Prayer, fasting, and pilgrimage were well-defined and measured physical movements, almost void of genuine feeling. Such an attitude toward Islam was sure to satisfy the externalists whose main concern was to give precise definitions to religious terms, lay down general laws, and see that they were strictly observed. It did not satisfy the religious sentiment of the Sufis, who looked for a deeper meaning behind the outward forms. Qushayri tells us that Ruwaym of Baghdad (died 303; A.D. 915) said, "All people hold fast to external appearances [of religion], but this community [the Sufis] hold fast to realities. All people consider it their duty to observe the external aspect of the religious law; the Sufis consider it their duty to strive after piety and unremitting sincerity.” In these few words Ruwaym sums up the whole situation by pointing out the real difference between the Sufis and the rest of the Muslims in their respective attitudes toward Islam. For the Sufis, Islam is haqiqa, a reality hidden behind words and forms, while of the rest of the Muslims it is principally words and forms.

Such a distinction was practically unknown to the early Muslims. The idea started with the Shi' who taught that the Qur'n, like everything else, had two aspects, one external and the other internal. The latter is what the Sufis call the esoteric meaning of the Qur'n, which is only revealed to the chosen people of God. They extended the idea to everything in Islam. A real contrast was made between the shari' (religious law) aspect of a religious principle or usage and its hidden haqiqa aspect, that is, between the religious law as such and its real meaning.

It is true that the great teachers of Sufism agree that shari' should be strictly observed, and that the abandonment of shari' on the pretext that haqiqa, the reality or spirit of the law, has been obtained is not only impiety but infidelity. Haqiqa without shari', they say, is baseless, and shari' without haqiqa is meaningless. A reasonable balance between the two is essential for a truly religious life. Such a balance is described by Ghazali in these words:

He who says that qiqiqa is contrary to shari', and the internal [side of religion] is contrary to the external is nearer to infidelity. Every haqiqa that has no root in shari' should be rejected. Shari' is the law enjoined upon people; haqiqa is seeing the work of Divine Providence. Shari' is worship of God; haqiqa is to behold Him. Shari' is to obey the Divine Command; haqiqa is to know by mystic vision what God has predestined, what He has revealed and what He has concealed.

So, according to Ghazali, haqiqa is the spiritual justification and proof of religion. The true meaning of religious teachings is seen by the mystic in his heart. Its real nature is revealed to him. When, for instance, the mystic is called upon to worship God, the meaning of the Godhead and of worship is freshly perceived by the inner light. This is the general attitude adopted by the majority of orthodox Sufis and ardently defended by such men as Tustari (died 273; A.D. 886). Kharraz (died 277; A.D. 890), Junayd (died 297; A.D. 909), and Ghazali (died 505; A.D. 1111).”*

This is a rather lengthy article and I will have to cut short. Instead I will use this single sentence to call upon Sufis to surrender to His Call to participate in the Resurrection:

"Religious truth is the inner meaning of the law revealed in the heart of the Sufi by the Divine Light.”

That Divine Light is always above the Divine Feminine within, and Her incarnation Shri Mataji has been sent by God Almighty to spread the Great News of Al-Qiyamah! It is by mystic vision of this Divine Light that we declare what God has predestined, what He has revealed and what He has concealed.

The Sufis believe that the Divine Feminine appears as the Khatun-i Qiyamat (Lady of Resurrection), and that on the Resurrection Day She will be the helper of human beings.

"Among the Ghulat[25] there is much respect paid to the Divine Feminine. In the Ghulat group the Ahl-i-Haqq ("The People of Truth"), the Divine Feminine appears as the Khatun-i Qiyamat (Lady of Resurrection) who also is manifested as the mysterious angel Razbar (also Ramzbar or Remzebar). The writer, Frederic Macler, claims that the name Razbar is of Arabic origin and means "secret of the creator.” [26] The term qiyama literally means, "rising" of the dead, and allegorically, it implies an idea denoting the rising to the next spiritual stage, and qiyamat-i qubra (great resurrection) means an attainment of the highest degree when a man becomes free from the ties of external laws, whom he shackles and transfigures into spiritual substance, which rejoins its divine sources.[27] "The King of the World was sitting on the water with His four associate angels (chahar malak-i muqarrab) when they suddenly saw the Pure Substance of Hadrat-i Razbar, the Khatun-i Qiyamat (Lady of the Resurrection). She brought out from the sea a round loaf of bread (kulucha), and offered it to the King of the World. By His order they formed a devotional assembly (jam), distributed the bread, offered prayers and exclaimed 'Hu!' Then the earth and the skies became fixed, the skies being that kulucha.”[28]

Another rendition of the emergence of the Lady of the Resurrection is as follows: "After this the Holder of the World and Creator of Man looked upon 'Azra'il with the eye of benefaction, and 'Azra'il became split into two parts, one exactly like the other, and from between these parts a drop of light emerged in the form of a loaf of kulucha bread. The Creator then said, I appoint that person (surat) who became separated from 'Azra'il to be the Lady of the Resurrection (Khatun-i Qiyamat), who will on the Resurrection Day be the helper of human beings.”[29]"**

We call upon all Sufis to now bear witness to the Resurrection. Shri Mataji has very high regards and great expectations that they will be the first amongst Muslims to heed His Call of Al-Qiyamah.

regards to all,

jagbir

* Kenneth W. Morgan, Islam—The Striaght Path, pages 168-171
Motilal Banarsidass Pub; 2 edition (February 1, 1998) ISBN-10: 8120804031, ISBN-13: 978-8120804036
** Laurence Galian, The Centrality of the Divine Feminine in Sufism
[25] The Ghulat being customarily judged Islamic (and usually Shi') extremists who go to extremes in exalting a person or persons to the extent of raising him or them above the ranks of ordinary human beings.
[26] Adjarian, H.”Gyoran et Thoumaris.” Translated into French by Frédéric Macler. Revue de L'Histoire des Religion 93, no. 3 (May—June 1926): 294-307.
[27]"Qiyamat-i Qubra in Alamut"
F.I.E.L.D. First Ismaili Electronic Library and Database http://ismaili.net/histoire/history06/history620.html
[28] Tadhkira'i A'la, (Ahl-i Haqq Creation Story) as found in"The Truth-worshipers of Kurdistan: Ahl-i Haqq Texts" edited in the original Persian and analyzed by W. Ivanow, Leiden, Holland: E. J. Brill, 1953.
[29] Tadhkira'i A'la, (Ahl-I Haqq Creation Story) as found in "The Truth-worshipers of Kurdistan: Ahl-i Haqq Texts" edited in the original Persian and analyzed by W. Ivanow, Leiden, Holland: E. J. Brill, 1953.



July 30, 2009
Yahoo forum post # 11084

Dear All,

If you google "Ruh of Allah" you will find that www.al-qiyamah.org and www.adishakti.org hold the #1 and #2 positions.

Results 1 - 10 of about 1,720,000 for ruh of allah. (0.28 seconds)
1) http://www.al-qiyamah.org/ruh_of_allah.htm
2) http://www.adishakti.org/text_files/ruh_of_allah.htm

Actually I had just finished editing/updating the "Ruh" and wanted to see what its google ranks were. It could not have been better.

I regard the "Ruh of Allah" (Spirit of God) to be the third most important Islamic topic after "Qiyamah" (The Resurrection) and "Al- Qadr" (Night of Power and Fate). All three are absolutely essential to comprehend Al-Qiyamah, and none can be left out. In fact the thorough comprehension and experience of the Ruh of Allah is pivitol in participating in this life-long Great Event!

We must stand and declare and invite others to experience that same faith in the Great Event, a faith collectively based on the heart and soul of all religions and Holy Scriptures. It is a most powerful and comforting faith to daily experience His Ruh during Al Qadr while participating in Al-Qiyamah.

regards to all,

jagbir




THE SPIRIT-PARACLETE
Jesus, The Kingdom Of God And Decreed Resurrection

"The intention of the Spirit of truth is the restoration of an alienated, deceived humanity.” - D. B. Stevick
"The Paraclete will present the case of God and of the believing community against the world. While the Advocate is teacher and guide to Jesus' people, she turns to the unbelieving world a face of severity. The Spirit will have dealings with the world concerning sin, righteousness and judgment—three things about which the world needs to know and which it thinks it knows on its own... The world needs to be convinced of the truth about itself—something it cannot come to on its own. Yet without that truth, the world is forever self-deceived. The showing of the world to itself is the mission of the Paraclete when she comes.” (Stevick 2011, 250)

The Great Adi Shakti Shri Mataji Nirmala Devi
The Paraclete Shri Mataji
“But to communicate with the people, to communicate with the Spirit—to understand the Kundalini, the vibrations, and their different decodings and all that—the Holy Spirit had to come; with Her mouth, and with Her voice, and with Her intelligence that is intelligible to you; with the knowledge, and everything.

Otherwise it is not possible to communicate and that's why if somebody has to come you have to just recognize. Recognition is the best way of understanding the powers that are given to you...

So somebody has to be there to give you the complete picture. You get Realization, you get vibrations (Ruach, Pneuma, Prana), but then what? What about the complete? And for that the Holy Ghost has to take a form. All right?”

THE MOTHER: Messiah-Paraclete-Ruh-Devi
Sydney, Australia—April 7, 1981
"Without the Spirit, the Son is the way, and the truth and the life, but without actualization.... Without the mission of the Spirit no one can grasp the hem of the Son's garment, we never receive the eternal life extended to us, the sending of the Son is a dispatch into a void, a messenger who never arrives, a light illumination nothing, a road to nowhere, and the resurrection is a non-event.... Without the mission of the Son the Spirit is a hand deprived of somehting to grasp, lacking a mystery to be present to, devoid of a mystery to make real in history and in our hearts, doivested of a ministry to empower, bereft of children to transform into daughters and sons, wanting in offspring to gather into unity in the church and in human communiaction.” McDonnell (2003) 228-9

“I was also born in a Christian family and I was shocked the way they interpreted Christ's life and the way they talked about it with great authority. Books and books were written. They give big, big sermons.”

THE MOTHER: Messiah-Paraclete-Ruh-Devi
Easter Puja, Istanbul, Turkey—April 23, 2000

"There are lots of myths in the Bible and one of them is that at the Time of Resurrection your bodies will come out of the graves. This is not only for Christians, but also for the Muslims and Jews. Think of this — What remains in the grave after many years? Only a few bones. And if these bones came out how can you give them Realization? Think of it. It is a big myth. Not possible logically.

In Nal Damyanti Akhyan they have clearly given that when the Kalyug will come, all these seekers who are seeking in the hills and mountains will be born again, and they will be given their Self-Realization! Their Kundalinis will be awakened and that is logical, because that is what we are doing today.”

THE MOTHER: Messiah-Paraclete-Ruh-Devi
Christmas Puja, India—December 25, 1993
"Eschatology: The doctrine of the 'last things'
The actual term eschatology is found only in Christian theology but the themes embraced by the term-the doctrine of the Messiah, the resurrection of the dead, the immortality of the soul, and World to Come, heaven and hell-are discussed in detail in the classical Jewish sources, albeit in a non-systematic way. Throughout the ages Jewish thinkers have reflected on what is to happen in the world of the future but much of this reflection is more in nature of speculation than dogmatic formulation. It is, therefore, hazardous to speak of an official Jewish eschatological scheme. What one can do is describe what came to be the conventional view in the Middle Ages, after various tendencies, often contradicting one another, had come together ... (continue)


The academia and religious institutions of the Abrahamic faiths of Judaism, Christianity and Islam in particular, and Hinduism in general, must respond in good faith to the culmination of the promised Good News for humanity—Resurrection and life eternal (moksa) in the Kingdom of Heaven (Jannah):

"In Moltmann's opinion, all should be seen from an eschatological perspective, looking toward the days when Christ will make all things new. 'A proper theology would therefore have to be constructed in the light of its future goal. Eschatology should not be its end, but its beginning.' This does not, as many fear, 'remove happiness from the present' by focusing all ones attention toward the hope for Christ's return. Moltmann addresses this concern as such: 'Does this hope cheat man of the happiness of the present? How could it do so! For it is itself the happiness of the present.' The importance of the current times is necessary for the Theology of Hope because it brings the future events to the here and now. This theological perspective of eschatology makes the hope of the future, the hope of today.” Wikipedia (February 22, 2015)

"Eschatology depends on advent—the coming of God-and on novum—the 'new thing.' This means that the coming of the Holy Spirit upon human beings at Pentecost is an event of paramount importance. It signals the coming of God into the human situation that alters the landscape of history. It is an event that embodies the category novum—God doing a new thing within human beings and human communities by virtue of the indwelling Spirit.” (Beck 2010, 145)

"I still have many things to say to you, but you cannot bear them now. There are things that Jesus' followers cannot bear. (The verb is bastazein, which means to carry a burden; there was truth which exceeded the disciples' capacity, and Jesus will say no more now than his hearers can hold.) The comment about the limitation of the disciples in a now-time is made from the advantage of the then-time, when Jesus followers can sustain a greater weight of truth.” (Stevick 2011, 257)

i) Has Jesus Christ spoken about all things being made new through the Paraclete? and has She brought closure to the Savior's incomplete message over the span of four decades (1970-2011) which can be universally transmitted to a modern, educated world?

ii) Was the Paraclete sent from 1923-2011 AD, or millennia ago, to teach, didasko (John 14:26), remind, hypomimnesko(14:26), testify, martyro (15:26), prove wrong, elencho (16:8), guide into all the truth, hodego (16:13), speak, laleo(16:13) and declare, anangello (16:13, 14, 15) the full and complete message of Jesus and thus empower believers—to receive (lambano), see (theoreo), and know (ginosko) Her—in order to resurrect themselves themselves and others?

iii) Does the crucial completion of the Savior's message confirm that "eschatology should not be its end, but its beginning" as it presently empowers believers to resurrect themselves over a lifespan and finally attain, at its end, His primary motif: The Kingdom of Heaven?

iv) In John 14:12 Jesus solemnly assures the disciples that they will, in future, perform even greater miracles than Him; that through the power of the Holy Spirit, they will bring about the greatest miracle of all -- the salvation of lost souls. Is this great miracle now performed daily by the Paraclete's disciples who have been taught the technique in great detail over the years, or was this miracle mastered two millennia ago at Pentecost?

v) Is there any historical evidence and contemporary logic that just fifty days after the crucifixion, a) "Jesus' followers [sustained] a greater weight of truth", and b), the Paraclete was able to complete the tasks of i)-iv) above in the few minutes of the Pentecost?

vi) Or is it that "The then-time, when Jesus' followers can sustain a greater weight of truth" has arrived and they now can carry the burden (bastazein), since the Paraclete—who is supposed to "teach you, didasko (14:26), remind you, hypomimnesko (14:26), testify, martyro (15:26), prove wrong, elencho (16:8), guide into all the truth, hodego (16:13, twice), declare, anangello (16:13, 14, 15)"—has done so and lightened the task over the span of four decades and more than 3,000 worldwide speaking events?

vii) Did Angels, Messengers And Ruh (Spirit) Come To Declare Al Naba?

viii) Did Devi (Spirit) keep Her word that She will return if needed?


The Paraclete Shri Mataji (Mar 21, 1923 - Feb 23, 2011)
“And in this great happening of the Last Judgment and the Resurrection Time, one need not, and should not, believe blindfolded in whatever is said about ascent or salvation, but should treat it like a hypothesis, and observe the facts with an open mind like a, scientist.”

THE MOTHER: Messiah-Paraclete-Ruh-Devi

"Israel's eschatological hope for the final indwelling of God is the foundation of the Christian hope for the `new heaven and the new earth'. Ezekiel 37.27 returns once more in the promise of Rev. 21.3: I will dwell with them, and I will be their God, and they shall be my peoples. That is `the tabernacle - the dwelling - of God with human beings', God's sanctuary among them `for ever': the new Jerusalem...
And yet there is one particular Christian contribution to Shekinah theology. This is the idea of the mutual Shekinah of God and human beings `in Christ'. `In Christ' is God himself, God who has `reconciled the world with himself' (II Cor. 5.19). Those who are `in Christ' are `a new creation' (II Cor. 5.17). `In Christ' we find a double dwelling: the indwelling of God and the indwelling of believers. This double indwelling becomes the foundation for the eschatological and universal hope of Christians for the new creation of all things...
The difference between Shekinah theology and christology is that although - especially among the rabbis - God's Shekinah, as Israel's co-sufferer and its companion on the way, can take on human features, it has not yet specifically `become flesh' and as messianic person `dwelt among us'.” (Moltmann 1996 Kindle 4351)





The Paraclete Shri Mataji (Mar 21, 1923 - Feb 23, 2011)
The Paraclete Shri Mataji
“In my opinion, every Westerner has, as a matter of urgency, to understand the vital role he has to play in this great Age of Transformation and of the Last Judgment.”

THE MOTHER: Messiah-Paraclete-Ruh-Devi

"The early Christian faith in the resurrection was not based solely on Christ's appearances. It was just as strongly motivated, at the very least, by the experience of God's Spirit. Paul therefore calls this Spirit `the Spirit' or `power' of the resurrection. Luke makes the end of the appearances with Christ's ascension be followed by the outpouring of the pentecostal Spirit. Believing in the risen Christ means being possessed by the Spirit of the resurrection. In the Spirit, the presence of the living Christ was experienced. Believing in Christ's resurrection therefore does not mean affirming a fact. It means being possessed by the life-giving Spirit and participating in the powers of the age to come (Heb. 6.5).” (Moltmann 1990 Kindle 3261)




“Thus, the establishment of global peace can only come through people who have achieved this state in modern times which is very special and I call it a Blossom Time. In the Bible, it is described as the Last Judgment, also in the Koran it is called as Qiyamah (the Resurrection time).”

THE MOTHER: Messiah-Paraclete-Ruh-Devi





“This is the Last Judgment. Let us see what happens. Whatever people come is alright for me. Even if they do not come, it's still alright. Remember, God will not bow before you.”

The Messsiah-Paraclete Shri Mataji





The Paraclete Shri Mataji (Mar 21, 1923 - Feb 23, 2011)
The Paraclete Shri Mataji
“This is the Last Judgment. Either you will go to heaven or you will go to hell. It's already working out like that. So let's see. Where are you? So I have to again and again tell you as your mother, I have to correct you and tell you that remember this is the Last Judgment and please, don't take anymore to the activities which are antichrist.”

THE MOTHER: Messiah-Paraclete-Ruh-Devi
"'There is no reference in the New Testament to any work of the Spirit apart from Christ. The Spirit is, in an exclusive sense, the Spirit of Christ.' In johannine thought, the activity of the Spirit is bound to the particularity of Jesus and the believing response to him. The Spirit's ministry is distinctively from Jesus and for the community that believes in Jesus... 'She will testify on my behalf. You also are to testify (15:26-27).'" (Stevick 2011, 294)




The Paraclete Shri Mataji (Mar 21, 1923 - Feb 23, 2011)
The Paraclete Shri Mataji
“Now this is the Last Judgment and those who miss will miss in any case. Christ has said, 'You will be calling Me Christ, Christ, but I will not recognize you.'"

THE MOTHER: Messiah-Paraclete-Ruh-Devi
"Is this eschatological symbol an appropriate way of describing the experiences with Jesus? Is it an arbitrary way of expressing them, or does it offer itself with an inward and inevitable cogency? It apparently grew up out of the apocalyptic structure of the 'seeing' of Christ. But does it also fit the experience of his death on the cross? The answer is 'yes', inasmuch as raising presupposes death, and the eschatological raising of the dead does not mean a revivification; nor does it mean a return to this life, which leads to death. The resurrection is not a revival, as in the case of Jairus's daughter, or Lazarus, whom Jesus brought back to this life but who later died once more. 'The raising of the dead' at the end of days means a qualitatively new life which no longer knows death and is not a continuation of this mortal life.” (Moltmann 1990 Kindle 3315)




The Paraclete Shri Mataji (Mar 21, 1923 - Feb 23, 2011)
The Paraclete Shri Mataji
“So in this Last Judgment a new race, new race of great people is created. It is your own. It is your own power. Only to know how glorious you are. How great you are. Absolutely free because you get that superior intelligence. In the light of Spirit you know what is constructive for you. You know absolute knowledge.”

THE MOTHER: Messiah-Paraclete-Ruh-Devi

"When the Spirit of truth comes, she will guide you into all truth. 16:38a
The Paraclete is referred to as the Spirit of truth (as in 14:17; 15:26 and 1 John 1:6 and 5:7). Again she comes. She will guide (hodego), a verb related to 'the way,' hodos, 14:6) the church into all the truth... The Spirit, in a movement that is through truth and into truth, will lead Jesus' followers into the Truth that Jesus is... The expression all the truth (te aletheia pase) refers not to speculative inquiry or a developed body of doctrine, but concretely to the truth which is Jesus, the word in which the church is constituted.” (Stevick 2011, 257)





“For us, in between Christ and this destroying incarnation of Mahavishnu called as Kalki, there is a time given to human beings to rectify themselves, for them to enter in the Kingdom of God, which in the Bible is called as the Last Judgment. That you will be judged, all of you will be judged on this earth.”

THE MOTHER: Messiah-Paraclete-Ruh-Devi



"I have to warn all the Sahaja Yogis who are here because Sahaja Yoga is the Last Judgment; not only that you will be judged, that you are entering into the Kingdom of God, but you become the citizens of God is correct.”

THE MOTHER: Messiah-Paraclete-Ruh-Devi





The Paraclete Shri Mataji (Mar 21, 1923 - Feb 23, 2011)
The Paraclete Shri Mataji
“I am here to work for you day and night. You know that I work very hard for you. I spare no efforts, to help you, and do everything that is possible to make you all right; to make you pass this examination of Last Judgment; but you have to cooperate with me, and you have to go headlong about it, and devote most of your time for Sahaja Yoga and for imbibing all that is great and noble.”

THE MOTHER: Messiah-Paraclete-Ruh-Devi

"Paul brought out the connection here very clearly: `If the Spirit of him who has raised Jesus from the dead dwells in you, he who has raised Christ Jesus from the dead will give life to your mortal bodies also through his Spirit which dwells in you' (Rom. 8.11). He links the perfect tense of the raising of Christ with the present tense of the indwelling of the Spirit, and the present tense of the Spirit with the future tense of the resurrection of the dead. The perfect tense of the raising of Christ therefore designates, not a past event but an event in the past which in the Spirit determines the present, because it opens up the future of life. Without this history which it throws open in the Spirit and in hope, the resurrection is incomprehensible. The present liberating experience of the Spirit is grounded in the perfect of Christ's resurrection.” (Moltmann 1990 Kindle 3589)




“This is the greatest of the greatest things which can happen to anyone that you know. Also you know, this is the greatest happening, which was prophesied long time back as the Last Judgment. You know that this is the way, you are going to be judged. So we have to work very hard. We have to work. It is effortlessly given to you, alright. But to maintain it, keep it up to go high, we have to religiously work it out.”

THE MOTHER: Messiah-Paraclete-Ruh-Devi





“And that your Last Judgment is also now. Only through Kundalini awakening God is going to judge you. How is he going to judge you otherwise? You think of somebody now, a person comes in now. Here is somebody sitting to judge you. How? By how many hair-dressers you have been to? Or how many suits you have stitched for Christmas? Or what presents you have bought or how many cards you have sent? and to how many people you have sent some other things which may not be very palatable. That's not the way.”

THE MOTHER: Messiah-Paraclete-Ruh-Devi





The Paraclete Shri Mataji (Mar 21, 1923 - Feb 23, 2011)
The Paraclete Shri Mataji
“This is the most important time because Sahaja Yoga is the Last Judgment. It is fantastic to have this but that's a fact & is the truth. Though you can understand, that Mother's love makes it very easy for you to get through your realization and that the whole story of the Last Judgment looks such as horrifying experience has been made very beautiful and very tender and delicate and does not disturb you. But this is the Last Judgment I tell you, and you all are going to be judged through Sahaja Yoga, whether, you can enter into the kingdom of God or not.”

THE MOTHER: Messiah-Paraclete-Ruh-Devi

"The eschatological symbol of the raising of the dead is an interpretative category well suited to comprehend the contradictory experiences of the men and women disciples with Jesus: crucified in weakness - living in glory. No more can be said about the verification in Jesus himself. What happened to him between his death on Golgotha and his appearances no one saw, and no one claims to have seen. Only Christian painters have given free rein to their imaginations in the darkness of this mystery, yet without making the darkness any less. When Christ was raised, there were no eye witnesses of the event. Only `the empty tomb' gave ambiguous tidings of what had happened there. That Jesus' tomb was empty seems to be an extremely well attested fact, because both Jews and Christians knew of it. The message of the resurrection brought by the disciples on their return to Jerusalem could hardly have lasted a single hour in the city if it had been possible to show that Jesus' body was lying in the grave.” (Moltmann 1990 Kindle 3306)




“The Last Judgment has started. We are facing the Last Judgment today. We are not aware of it. And all the satanic forces have come out like the wolves in sheep's clothes. And they are trying to attract you and you do not judge them. You only sit down and judge the Reality. It has started, it is a fact. It has started.”

THE MOTHER: Messiah-Paraclete-Ruh-Devi



The Paraclete Shri Mataji (Mar 21, 1923 - Feb 23, 2011)
The Paraclete Shri Mataji
"That Krishna has said once you get your realisation your problems are solved, physical, emotional, mental, all problems are solved and you become absolutely relaxed. That goes without saying. But I'm not here to sort of cure people and go to hospitals. Nothing of the kind. It's just who are the seekers will be blessed because this is the reward of this Last Judgment.”

THE MOTHER: Messiah-Paraclete-Ruh-Devi

"Pannenberg writes that, 'The eschatological salvation at which Christian hope is directed fulfills the deepest longing of humans and all creation even if there is not always a full awareness of the object of this longing. Yet like the reality of God it transcends all our concepts.' For Pannenberg the Spirit is the agent who leads creation into this eschaton... Pannenberg asserts that the Spirit was an eschatological reality for primitive Christianity. Israelite prophecy had promised that the Spirit would be poured out at the end of history, and they experienced this eschatological reality as already present in the gift of the Spirit.” (Varkey 2011 Kindle 6365)




“Christ has said very clearly in the second chapter of Matthew 2nd verse 'You'll be calling me Christ! Christ! I won't recognize you.' That's very true. It is not a question of who recognises Him, but He should recognize you because the advent of Christ is going to be absolutely terrible. He is not going to talk to you, convince you or comfort you or give you any council as I am trying my level best, but He will just come for the Last Sorting out because I declare that the Last Judgment has started. The Last Judgment takes place only through Kundalini awakening. There is no other way out. God is going to do it through living process.”

THE MOTHER: Messiah-Paraclete-Ruh-Devi





The Paraclete Shri Mataji (Mar 21, 1923 - Feb 23, 2011)
The Paraclete Shri Mataji
“But, logically, you must understand. Where should we reach? What should happen to us? As seekers, what are we expecting? This is a very, very precarious and important time is more to say. The Last Judgment has started. That has started. That's how you are all here and you are seeking. The way it will judge, is the Kundalini has to rise. Your have to become self realized. Then you start feeling your centers on your fingers.”

THE MOTHER: Messiah-Paraclete-Ruh-Devi
"Seeing history in the perspective of resurrection means participating through the Spirit in the process of resurrection. Belief in resurrection is not summed up by assent to a dogma and the registering of a historical fact. It means participating in this creative act of God. A faith of this kind is the beginning of freedom. If God reveals himself in the raising of the Christ crucified in helplessness, then God is not the quintessence of power, such as the Roman Caesars represented. Nor is he the quintessence of law, such as the Greek cosmos reflects. God is then the power that quickens into life, that makes the poor rich, that lifts up the humble and raises the dead. Faith in the resurrection is itself a living force which raises people up and frees them from the deadly illusions of power and possession, because their eyes are now turned towards the future of life. The proclamation of the resurrection of Christ is a meaningful statement against the horizon, or in the context, of the history which the resurrection itself begins - the history of the freeing of human beings and the whole sighing creation from the forces of annihilation and death. Understood as an event that discloses the future and opens history, the resurrection of Christ is the foundation and promise of life in the midst of the history of death.” (Moltmann 1990 Kindle 3581)




“Sahaja Yoga is for the emancipation of the whole world, at every level. Once we have people of a certain number in Sahaja Yoga, it will start triggering understanding of real righteousness, religiousness and our love for God, and enlightened faith in God. This is how the Resurrection time is going to be worked out. This is the Last Judgment time, and everyone can judge him or herself through the light of the Spirit.”

The Paraclete Shri Mataji





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THE APOCALYPSE OF THE SPIRIT-PARACLETE
The fulfillment of the promised divine eschatological instruction
“The original meaning of the word ‘apocalypse’, derived from the Greek apokalypsis, is in fact not the cataclysmic end of the world, but an ‘unveiling’, or ‘revelation’, a means whereby one gains insight into the present.” (Kovacs, 2013, 2) An apocalypse (Greek: apokalypsis meaning “an uncovering”) is in religious contexts knowledge or revelation, a disclosure of something hidden, “a vision of heavenly secrets that can make sense of earthly realities.” (Ehrman 2014, 59)
Shri Mataji
Shri Mataji Nirmala Devi (1923-2011) was Christian by birth, Hindu by marriage, and Paraclete by duty.
“The Paraclete will come (15:26; 16:7, 8, 13) as Jesus has come into the world (5:43; 16:28; 18:37)... The Paraclete will take the things of Christ (the things that are mine, ek tou emou) and declare them (16:14-15). Bishop Fison describes the humility of the Spirit, 'The true Holy Spirit of God does not advertise Herself: She effaces Herself and advertises Jesus.' ...
It is by the outgoing activity of the Spirit that the divine life communicates itself in and to the creation. The Spirit is God-in-relations. The Paraclete is the divine self-expression which will be and abide with you, and be in you (14:16-17). The Spirit's work is described in terms of utterance: teach you, didasko (14:26), remind you, hypomimnesko (14:26), testify, martyro (15:26), prove wrong, elencho (16:8), guide into truth, hodego (16:13), speak, laleo (16:13, twice), declare, anangello (16:13, 14, 15). The johannine terms describe verbal actions which intend a response in others who will receive (lambano), see (theoreo), or know (ginosko) the Spirit. Such speech-terms link the Spirit with the divine Word. The Spirit's initiatives imply God's personal engagement with humanity. The Spirit comes to be with others; the teaching Spirit implies a community of learners; forgetful persons need a prompter to remind them; one testifies expecting heed to be paid; one speaks and declares in order to be heard. The articulate Spirit is the correlative of the listening, Spirit-informed community.
The final Paraclete passage closes with a threefold repetition of the verb she will declare (anangello), 16:13-15. The Spirit will declare the things that are to come (v.13), and she will declare what is Christ's (vv. 14, 15). The things of Christ are a message that must be heralded...
The intention of the Spirit of truth is the restoration of an alienated, deceived humanity... The teaching role of the Paraclete tends to be remembered as a major emphasis of the Farewell Discourses, yet only 14:26 says She will teach you all things. (Teaching is, however, implied when 16:13-15 says that the Spirit will guide you into all truth, and will speak and declare.) Franz Mussner remarks that the word used in 14:26, didaskein, "means literally 'teach, instruct,' but in John it nearly always means to reveal.” (Stevick 2011, 292-7)
Stephen E. Witmer, Divine instruction in Early Christianity   
“F. Robert Kysar, John, the Maverick Gospel 
Danny Mahar, Aramaic Made EZ Lucy Reid, She Changes Everything
David Fleer, Preaching John's Gospel: The World It Imagines Berard L. Marthaler, The Creed: The Apostolic Faith in Contemporary Theology
George Ladd, A Theology of the New Testament In Spirit and Truth, Benny Thettayil
Jesus and His Own: A Commentary on John 13-17 Marianne Meye Thompson, The God of the Gospel of John
Eric Eve, The Jewish Context of Jesus' Miracles “D.
Michael Welker, God the Spirit Georg Strecker, Theology of the New Testament
Tricia Gates Brown, Spirit in the writings of John Michael Welker, The work of the Spirit: pneumatology and Pentecostalism
Robert Kysar, Voyages with John: Charting the Fourth Gospel John F. Moloney, The Gospel of John
Harvey Cox, The Future of Faith Robert Kysar, John
Robert E. Picirilli, The Randall House Bible Commentary George Ladd, A Theology of the New Testament 
“The teaching of the Paraclete, as the continuation of Jesus' teaching, must also be understood as the fulfillment of the promise of eschatological divine instruction.”
Stephen E. Witmer, Divine instruction in Early Christianity

“Jesus therefore predicts that God will later send a human being to Earth to take up the role defined by John .i.e. to be a prophet who hears God's words and repeats his message to man.”
M. Bucaille, The Bible, the Qur'n, and Science

“And when Jesus foreannounced another Comforter, He must have intended a Person as distinct and helpful as He had been.”
F. B. Meyer, Love to the Utmost

“The Paraclete has a twofold function: to communicate Christ to believers and, to put the world on trial.”
Robert Kysar, John The Meverick Gospel

“But She—the Spirit, the Paraclete...—will teach you everything.”
Danny Mahar, Aramaic Made EZ)

“Grammatical nonsense but evidence of the theological desire to defeminize the Divine.”
Lucy Reid, She Changes Everything

“The functions of the Paraclete spelled out in verses 13-15... are all acts of open and bold speaking in the highest degree.”
David Fleer, Preaching John's Gospel

“The reaction of the world to the Paraclete will be much the same as the world's reaction was to Jesus.”
Berard L. Marthaler, The Creed: The Apostolic Faith in Contemporary Theology

Bultmann calls the “coming of the Redeemer an 'eschatological event,' 'the turning-point of the ages.”
G. Ladd, A Theology of the New Testament

“The Paraclete equated with the Holy Spirit, is the only mediator of the word of the exalted Christ.”
Benny Thettayil, In Spirit and Truth

“The divine Paraclete, and no lessor agency, must show the world how wrong it was about him who was in the right.”
Daniel B. Stevick , Jesus and His Own: A Commentary on John 13-17

Stephen Smalley asserts that “The Spirit-Paraclete ... in John's Gospel is understood as personal, indeed, as a person.”
Marianne Thompson, The God of the Gospel of John

“The Messiah will come and the great age of salvation will dawn (for the pious).”
Eric Eve, The Jewish context of Jesus' Miracles

“The remembrance is to relive and re-enact the Christ event, to bring about new eschatological decision in time and space.”
Daniel Rathnakara Sadananda, The Johannine Exegesis of God

“The Spirit acts in such an international situation as the revealer of 'judgment' on the powers that rule the world.”
Michael Welker, God the Spirit

The Paraclete's “Appearance means that sin, righteousness, and judgment will be revealed.”
Georg Strecker, Theology of the New Testament

“While the Spirit-Paraclete is the true broker, the brokers they rely on are impostors.”
T. G. Brown, Spirit in the writings of John

“The pneumatological activity ... of the Paraclete ... may most helpfully be considered in terms of the salvific working of the hidden Spirit.”
Michael Welker, The work of the Spirit

“The pneuma is the peculiar power by which the word becomes the words of eternal life.”
Robert Kysar, Voyages with John

“The gift of peace, therefore, is intimately associated with the gift of the Spirit-Paraclete.”
Francis J. Moloney, The Gospel of John

“This utopian hope, even when modestly expressed, links Jesus and the prophets to a much wider history of human longing.”
Harvey Cox, The Future of Faith

“Because of the presence of the Paraclete in the life of the believer, the blessings of the end-times—the eschaton—are already present.”
Robert Kysar, John

“They are going, by the Holy Spirit's power, to be part of the greatest miracle of all, bringing men to salvation.”
R. Picirilli, The Randall House Bible Commentary

“The Kingdom of God stands as a comprehensive term for all that the messianic salvation included... is something to be sought here and now (Mt. 6:33) and to be received as children receive a gift (Mk. 10:15 = Lk. 18:16-17).”
G. Ladd, A Theology of the New Testament


“But today is the day I declare that I am the one who has to save the humanity. I declare I am the one who is Adishakti, who is the Mother of all the Mothers, who is the Primordial Mother, the Shakti, the desire of God, who has incarnated on this Earth to give its meaning to itself; to this creation, to human beings and I am sure through My Love and patience and My powers I am going to achieve it.

I was the one who was born again and again. But now in my complete form and complete powers I have come on this Earth not only for salvation of human beings, not only for their emancipation, but for granting them the Kingdom of Heaven, the joy, the bliss that your Father wants to bestow upon you.”

THE MOTHER: Messiah-Paraclete-Ruh
London, UK—December 2, 1979


“I am the one about which Christ has talked... I am the Holy Spirit who has incarnated on this Earth for your realization.”

THE MOTHER: Messiah-Paraclete-Ruh
New York, USA—September 30, 1981


“Tell all the nations and tell all the people all over the Great Message that the Time of Resurrection is here. Now, at this time, and that you are capable of doing it.”

THE MOTHER: Messiah-Paraclete-Ruh
Cowley Manor Seminar, UK—July 31, 1982


Guest: “Hello Mother.”
Shri Mataji: “Yes.”
Guest: “I wanted to know, is the Cool Breeze (Pneuma) that you have spoken about, you feel on the hands the Cool Wind of the Holy Spirit, as spoken about in the Bible?”
Shri Mataji: “Yes. Yes, yes, same thing, same thing. You have done the good job now, I must say.”
Interviewer: “Is it the Holy Spirit?”
Shri Mataji: “Yes, of course, is the Holy Spirit.”
Guest: “Aha... I am feeling it now on my hand through the [not clear]”
Shri Mataji: “It’s good.”
Interviewer: “Did you want to say anything more than that?”
Guest: “No, I just... That’s all I wanted to know because I...”
Shri Mataji: “Because you are thoughtless now. Enjoy yourself.”
Guest: “Thank you.”

THE MOTHER: Messiah-Paraclete-Ruh-Devi
Talkback Radio 2UE, Sydney, Australia—March 31, 1981
(The guest experienced the Cool Breeze [Pneuma/Prana/Chi] of the Spirit through the baptism [second birth by Spirit/Kundalini awakening] given by the Comforter Shri Mataji over the radio. )


Second Guest: “I just want to ask Mother about a quotation from the Bible.”
Interviewer: “Yes, what’s that?”
Guest: “It says, ‘But the comfort of the Holy Spirit that the Father will send in My name would teach you all things.’ I would like to ask Her about that.”
Interviewer: “Could you just repeat the quotation again?”
Guest: “But the Comforter, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in My name, will teach you all things.”
Interviewer: “And that’s from where?”
Guest: “John chapter 14, verse 26.”
Shri Mataji: “I think you should take your realization and then you will know the answer to it. Because, logically if it points out to one person, then you have to reach the conclusion, isn’t it? That’s a logical way of looking at things. But I am not going to say anything or claim anything. It is better you people find out yourself.”
Interviewer: “Does that answer your question?”
Guest: “Is the, is the Comforter on the Earth at the present time? Has the Comforter incarnated? Mataji should be able to tell us this because She said that through these vibrations on Her hands, She ...”
Shri Mataji: “Yes, She is very much here and She’s talking to you now. Can you believe that?”
Guest: “Well, I feel something cool [Pneuma/Prana/Chi] on my hand. Is that some indication of the ...?”
Shri Mataji: “Yes, very much so. So that’s the proof of the thing. You’ve already started feeling it in your hands.”
Guest: “Can I?”
Shri Mataji: “Ask the question, ‘Mother, are you the Comforter?’”
Guest: “Mother, are you the Comforter?”
Shri Mataji: “Ask it thrice.”
Guest: “Mother, are you the Comforter?”
Shri Mataji: “Again.”
Guest: “Mother, are you the Comforter?”
Shri Mataji: “Now, what do you get?”
Guest: “Oh, I feel this kind of cool tingling [Pneuma/Prana/Chi] passing all through my body.”
Shri Mataji: “That’s the answer now.”

THE MOTHER: Messiah-Paraclete-Ruh-Devi
Talkback Radio 2UE, Sydney, Australia—March 31, 1981
(Another guest also experienced the Cool Breeze [Pneuma/Prana/Chi] of the Spirit through the baptism [second birth by Spirit/Kundalini awakening] given by the Comforter Shri Mataji over the radio. )


Shri Mataji Nirmala Devi (1923-2011): Christian by birth, Hindu by marriage and Paraclete by duty.
The Paraclete and the disciples (vv. 25-26): The theme of departure (cf. vv. 1-6; vv. 18-24) returns. There are two "times" in the experience of the disciples: the now as Jesus speaks to them (v. 25) and the future time when the Paraclete, the Holy Spirit, sent by the Father in the name of Jesus, will be with them (v. 26). The Paraclete will replace Jesus' physical presence, teaching them all things and recalling for them everything he has said (v. 26). As Jesus is the Sent One of the Father (cf. 4:34; 5:23; 24, 30, 37; 6:38-40; 7:16; 8:16, 18, 26; 12:44-49), so is the Paraclete sent by the Father. The mission and purpose of the former Paraclete, Jesus (cf. 14:13-14), who speaks and teaches "his own" will continue into the mission and purpose of the "other Paraclete" (cf. v. 16) who teaches and brings back the memory of all that Jesus has said. The time of Jesus is intimately linked with the time after Jesus, and the accepted meaning of a departure has been undermined. The inability of the disciples to understand the words and deeds of Jesus will be overcome as they "remember" what he had said (cf. 2:22) and what had been written of him and done to him (cf. 12:16). The "remembering" will be the fruit of the presence of the Paraclete with the disciples in the in-between-time. In v. 16 Jesus focused on the inability of the world to know the Paraclete, but in v. 26 the gift of the Paraclete to "his own" is developed. As Jesus was with the disciples (v. 25), so will the Paraclete be with the disciples in the midst of hostility and rejection (v. 16). As the story has insisted that Jesus' teaching has revealed God to his disciples, so will the Paraclete recall and continue Jesus' revelation of God to the disciples (v. 26).” (Harrington 1998, 412)

“This is the transformation that has worked, of which Christ has talked, Mohammed Sahib has talked, everybody has talked about this particular time when people will get transformed.”

THE MOTHER: Messiah-Paraclete-Ruh
Chistmas Puja, Ganapatipule, India—25 December 1997


“The Resurrection of Christ has to now be collective Resurrection. This is what is Mahayoga. Has to be the collective Resurrection.”

THE MOTHER: Messiah-Paraclete-Ruh
Easter Puja, London, UK—11 April 1982


“Today, Sahaja Yaga has reached the state of Mahayoga, which is en-masse evolution manifested through it. It is this day’s Yuga Dharma. It is the way the Last Judgment is taking place. Announce it to all the seekers of truth, to all the nations of the world, so that nobody misses the blessings of the divine to achieve their meaning, their absolute, their Spirit.”

THE MOTHER: Messiah-Paraclete-Ruh
MAHA AVATAR, ISSUE 1, JUL-SEP 1980


“The main thing that one has to understand is that the time has come for you to get all that is promised in the scriptures, not only in the Bible but all all the scriptures of the world. The time has come today that you have to become a Christian, a Brahmin, a Pir, through your Kundalini awakening only. There is no other way. And that your Last Judgment is also now.”

THE MOTHER: Messiah-Paraclete-Ruh


“You see, the Holy Ghost is the Mother. When they say about the Holy Ghost, She is the Mother... Now, the principle of Mother is in every, every scripture — has to be there. Now, the Mother's character is that She is the one who is the Womb, She is the one who is the Mother Earth, and She is the one who nourishes you. She nourishes us. You know that. And this Feminine thing in every human being resides as this Kundalini.”

THE MOTHER: Messiah-Paraclete-Ruh-Devi
Radio Interview, Santa Cruz, USA—1 October 1983


“But there is a Primordial Mother which was accepted by all the religions; even the Jews had it... In India, this is called as Adi Shakti. In every religion they had this Mother who was the Primordial Mother.”

THE MOTHER: Messiah-Paraclete-Ruh-Devi
TV Interview, Los Angeles, USA—11 October 1993


The Paraclete Shri Mataji (1923-2011)

Total number of Recorded Talks 3058, Public Programs 1178, Pujas 651 and Other (private conversations) 1249

“What are they awaiting but for the Hour to come upon them suddenly? Its Signs have already come. What good will their Reminder be to them when it does arrive?” (Qur'n, 47:18) “As the above verse indicates, God has revealed some of Doomsday's signs in the Qur'n. In Surat az-Zukhruf 43:61, God informs us that 'He [Jesus] is a Sign of the Hour. Have no doubt about it...' Thus we can say, based particularly on Islamic sources but also on the Old Testament and the New Testament, that we are living in the End Times.” Harun Yahya

Good News (An Naba) of Resurrection (Al-Qiyamah): Videos 3474, Audios 1945, Transcripts 3262 and Events 2413

“Concerning what are they disputing?
Concerning the Great News. [5889]
About which they cannot agree.
Verily, they shall soon (come to) know!
Verily, verily they shall soon (come to) know!”

surah 78:1-5 An Naba (The Great News)
5889. Great News: usually understood to mean the News or Message of the Resurrection.

Abdullah Yusuf Ali, The Holy Qur'n
Amana Corporation, 1989


[Moderator]: “Any other questions?”
[Audience]: “Pardon me for asking this question, but, earlier you talked about the Resurrection and you mentioned about the scriptures, where like in the Hindus scriptures they talk about the Kalki Avatar who will come for the Resurrection, and for the Christians, I know they talk about the return of Christ and all the religions talk about this Resurrection and the belief in the coming of the Messiah. So I just want to know since you say you are going to give the resurrection to us, what is your station?”

Shri Mataji: “In Russia?”
[Audience]: “And are you the promised Messiah? Shri Mataji, are you?”
Shri Mataji: “I see now I am not going to tell you anything about myself, to be very frank. Because see Christ said He was the Son of God, and they crucified Him. I don't want to get crucified. You have to find out. When you become the Spirit you will know what I am. I don't want to say anything about myself.”

THE MOTHER: Messiah-Paraclete-Ruh
Toronto, Canada—October 5, 1993

“Jesus then goes on the offensive against the scribes and Pharisees, pronouncing seven woes against them (Matt. 23:1-36). The final woe identifiers them with all those in Israel's history who have murdered and opposed the prophets. From Abel to Zechariah, all the blood of the righteous will come on them as they typologically fulfill this pattern in the murder of Jesus (23:29-36). They are the wicked tenants who think to kill the son and take his inheritance (21:38). They are seed of the serpent, a brood of vipers (23:33). Their house (the temple?) is desolate, and they will not see Jesus again until they bless him as he comes in the name of the Lord (23:37-39). Somehow, through the judgments Jesus announces against them, salvation will apparently come even for the people of Israel. As Olmstead puts it, Matthew "dares to hope for the day when many of Israel's sons and daughters will embrace Israel's Messiah (23:39), and in that hope engages in a continued mission in her.”” Hamilton 2010, 377


“It is the Mother who can awaken the Kundalini, and that the Kundalini is your own Mother. She is the Holy Ghost within you, the Adi Shakti, and She Herself achieves your transformation. By any talk, by any rationality, by anything, it cannot be done.”

THE MOTHER: Messiah-Paraclete-Ruh-Devi


“She is your pure Mother. She is the Mother who is individually with you. Forget your concepts, and forget your identifications. Please try to understand She is your Mother, waiting for ages to give you your real birth. She is the Holy Ghost within you. She has to give you your realization, and She's just waiting and waiting to do it.”

THE MOTHER: Messiah-Paraclete-Ruh
Sydney, Australia—Mar 22 1981


“The Kundalini is your own mother; your individual mother. And She has tape-recorded all your past and your aspirations. Everything! And She rises because She wants to give you your second birth. But She is your individual mother. You don't share Her with anybody else. Yours is a different, somebody else's is different because the tape-recording is different. We say She is the reflection of the Adi Shakti who is called as Holy Ghost in the Bible.”

THE MOTHER: Messiah-Paraclete-Ruh-Devi
Press Conference July 08 1999—London, UK

The Great Goddess is both wholly transcendent and fully immanent: beyond space and time, she is yet embodied within all existent beings; without form as pure, infinite consciousness (cit) ... She is the universal, cosmic energy known as Sakti, and the psychophysical, guiding force designated as the Kundalini (Serpent Power) resident within each individual. She is eternal, without origin or birth, yet she is born in this world in age after age, to support those who seek her assistance. Precisely to provide comfort and guidance to her devotees, she presents herself in the Devi Gita to reveal the truths leading both to worldly happiness and to the supreme spiritual goals: dwelling in her Jeweled Island and mergence into her own perfect being.” (Brown, 1998, 2)





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Home
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Meeting His Messengers
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Age Of Aquarius
Nostradamus
Mayan End Age 12-21-2012
Our Conscious Earth
Adi Shakti's Descent
Witnessing Holy Spirit's Miracles
Jesus' Resurrection
Book Of Revelation
Gospel of Thomas
His Human Adversary
Kitab Al Munir
Al-Qiyamah The Resurrection
—  AL-QIYAMAH  (THE RESURRECTION)
—  AL-QIYAMAH  (THE RESURRECTION) AYAT 1-2
—  AL-QIYAMAH  (THE RESURRECTION) AYAT 3-4
—  AL-QIYAMAH  (THE RESURRECTION) AYAT 5-6
—  AL-QIYAMAH  (THE RESURRECTION) AYAT 7-10
—  AL-QIYAMAH  (THE RESURRECTION) AYAT 11-13
—  AL-QIYAMAH  (THE RESURRECTION) AYAT 14-15
—  AL-QIYAMAH  (THE RESURRECTION) AYAT 16-19
—  AL-QIYAMAH  (THE RESURRECTION) AYAT 20-21
—  AL-QIYAMAH  (THE RESURRECTION) AYAT 22-25
—  AL-QIYAMAH  (THE RESURRECTION) AYAT 26-30
—  AL-QIYAMAH  (THE RESURRECTION) AYAT 31-35
—  AL-QIYAMAH  (THE RESURRECTION) AYAT 36-40
WINDS OF QIYAMAH ARE BLOWING (FATIR)
—  YOUR HANDS WILL SPEAK (FUSSILAT)
—  ANGELS SENT HAVE ARRIVED (AL MURSALAT)
—  SIGNS ON EARTH AND WITHIN SELVES SHOWN (FUSSILAT)
—  SUN AND MOON JOINED TOGETHER (AL-QIYAMAH)
—  ALLAH'S IRON HAS BEEN DELIVERED (Al Hadid)
—  REVELATION OF LIGHT COMPLETED (AL SAF)
—  MIGHTY BLAST ON EARTH ON EARTH ANNOUNCED (QAF)
—  MIGHTY BLAST IN SKY HAS OCCURED (QAF)
—  CHILDREN OF ISRAEL GATHERED (AL ISRA)
—  HIDDEN IMAM MAHDI HAS EMERGED (QAF)
—  KITAB AL MUNIR IDENTIFIED (AL HAJJ)
—  RUH (SPIRIT) OF ALLAH (AL ISRA)
—  THE BAPTISM OF ALLAH (SIBGHATU I'LAH)
—  ALLAH WILL NOT ADDRESS THEM (AL BAQARAH)
—  THE DEALERS IN FRAUD (AL MUTAFFUN)
—  THE DAY YOU WERE NOT AWARE (AL RUM)
—  WHAT WILL EXPLAIN TO THEE? (AL INFITAR)
—  MY MESSENGERS MUST PREVAIL (AL MUJADIDAH)
—  NIGHT OF POWER AND FATE (AL QADR)
—  EID AL-ADHA OF 1994
—  EID AL-ADHA OF 1995
—  MERAJ OF PROPHET MUHAMMAD
—  BELIEF IN HIS ANGELS
—  HIS SPIRIT (RUH) AND ANGELS
—  DAY OF NOISE AND CLAMOUR (AL QARIAH)
—  THE NIGHT VISITANT (AL TARIQ)
—  JESUS SIGN OF RESURRECTION (AL ZUKHRUF)
—  CALLER FROM WITHIN (QAF)
—  BLASTS OF TRUTH (QAF)
—  FEAR MY WARNING (QAF)
—  DELIVER MESSAGE (AL MUZZAMIL)
—  DELIVER WARNING (AL MUDDATHTHIR)
—  CONCLUSION

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Declaration of the Paraclete
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The Great Mother
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The Vision Part Four